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Acting in the course of the business. Only one premises licence can apply to a particular premises at a time, which limits the type of gambling permitted to the particular type authorised by the licence. The rule is subject to exceptions, most notably in relation to betting tracks, however, no more than one premises licence can operate in relation to any area of the track. Different gaming machine entitlements apply to different types of premises licences. The application is made to the licensing authority of the area that the premises are located in.

The applicant must hold, or have applied for, an operating licence from the Commission authorising the type of gambling for which the premises are sought. The applicant must have a right to occupy the premises to which the application relates, which can be a freehold, leasehold or tenancy. There is no limit on the number of premises licences, with the exception of casino licences. Only 16 premises licences for casinos were made available under the Act and each licence is subject to a public competition, with the local authority determining which bidder will be awarded the licence.

Personal licences Although the operating licence authorises an individual, company, or other form of association to operate a particular type of gambling, those responsible for the management of the business, for compliance and for the control of gambling, will need Commission approval in the form of a personal licence. There are two types of personal licences:.

Personal management licence PML. Any individual with management responsibility for any of the following five key positions must hold a PML:. Overall strategy and delivery of gambling operations. Financial planning, control and budgeting. Gambling-related IT provision and security.

A PFL is issued to individuals working in a casino who are involved in gaming or handling cash for example, croupiers, dealers and cashiers. PML and PFL holders must take all reasonable steps to ensure that they do not breach any of the licence conditions. In addition, they have various detailed reporting requirements in relation to "key events", notification of which must be submitted on behalf of the operator section Investment not by way of subscription of shares.

Material change in the licensee's banking arrangements. Investigation into the licensee's activities. PML and PFL holders must keep gambling fair and safe, by taking all reasonable steps to ensure their associated licensed operator complies with the Act, the LCCP and other regulatory obligations. In the authors' experience, the Commission's policy is to hold PML holders directly responsible for licence breaches. The practical reality is that it is individuals holding PML holders, not companies holding operating licences, who are making decisions.

Therefore, they will be held fully accountable where they make a business decision, or fail to make a business decision deliberate or inadvertent that results in any breach. Changes of corporate control Under the Act section , a change of corporate control occurs when a new person or other legal entity in the licensee's ownership structure becomes a "controller" of the licensee.

Licences are not transferable. An application for a new or separate licence is not required. However, an application providing detailed information on the change of control must be submitted to the Commission within five weeks of the change occurring section 5 , Act. Otherwise, the Commission will revoke the licence. The Commission has a statutory power to grant an extension before or after the expiry of this period. Subject the Commission's assessment, the two possible outcomes are either that:.

Continuance is granted with the new controller that is, the change of corporate control is approved. The licence is revoked that is, the change of corporate control is refused. What are the limitations or requirements imposed on land-based gambling operators? The Commission must specify conditions in respect of:. All operating licences. Operating licences falling within a specified category.

These conditions will only be lawful if they are necessary to uphold the licensing objectives. The Commission has wide discretion as to how they will regulate operating licences through conditions. General conditions to be attached to operating licences. General conditions to be attached to personal licences. Code of practice attaching to casino premises licences concerning access by children and young persons. The Commission will also enquire into the suitability of any gaming machine, equipment or software to be used in connection with the licensed activities.

Prohibitions Society and external lottery manager operating licences are available for non-commercial lotteries. However, operating licences are not available for commercial lotteries, except the National Lottery. Customers must be aged 16 years to play a lottery and 18 years to play any other form of gambling. Restrictions There is no ban on local residents gambling in Great Britain. However, there are strict social responsibility requirements set out in in the LCCP in relation to:.

Preventing underage gambling. Identifying and managing at-risk and problem gamblers. Self-exclusion local and national schemes. Additionally, detailed requirements apply in relation to all of the following:. Assessing local risk. Anti-money laundering legislation AML is a complex area, which cannot be summarised in this chapter.

The significance of the new provisions for gambling operators includes, but is not limited to, the regulation of virtual currencies and increased levels of scrutiny required for transactions from high-risk countries. What is the licensing regime if any for online gambling? Casino game host. General betting host virtual events. These licences are for B2Bs only, but only in circumstances where both of the following criteria are met:.

The applicant holds or will hold a gambling software operating licence. The applicant does not contract directly with players. Eligibility See Question 5. Application procedure See Question 5. However, applications for online gambling can only be submitted online via the Commission's application system. Although the majority of requirements are the same, there are certain nuances that apply due to the differences between land-based and online business models. Online operators must now disclose the revenue of the applicant company and wider group's activities in foreign jurisdictions.

Duration of licence and cost See Question 5. Changes of corporate control See Question 5 , Changes of corporate control. What are the limitations or requirements imposed on online gambling operators? Prohibitions See Question 6 , Prohibitions. Restrictions See Question 6 , Restrictions. There are also additional requirements specific to remote gambling such as relating to gambling tools, customer funds, security audits, display of licensed status and peer to peer gaming.

Anti-money laundering legislation See Question 6 , Anti-money laundering legislation. B2B and B2C. Is there a distinction between the law applicable between B2B operations and B2C operations in online gambling? However, it specifies different forms of licences for specific activities. A common misconception is that there are "suppliers" and "operators", however all Commission licences are "operating licences" see Question 5 and Question 7, Available licences.

The only licences that are B2B specific are those mentioned in Question 7. Technical measures. What technical measures are in place if any to protect consumers from unlicensed operators, such as ISP blocking and payment blocking? In , when debating the amendments to the Act, the government considered but decided against the introduction of measures such as ISP blocking and payment blocking.

There are currently no technical measures to protect consumers from unlicensed operators. Mobile gambling and interactive gambling What differences if any are there between the regulation of mobile gambling and interactive gambling on television? The Act is applicable to all types of technologies.

Social gaming How is social gaming regulated in your jurisdiction? Unsurprisingly, the Commission has a keen interest in social gaming because of the element of chance in these games, in particular those that mimic gambling games. An increasing number of games in the UK now incorporate virtual currency that can either be obtained by registering to play or purchasing virtual money using PayPal or a credit card.

The Act defines gaming as "playing a game of chance for a prize". Social gaming sites can offer real money prizes, provided that their games are purely skill-based. Social gaming sites offering poker and casino games avoid attracting regulation by not offering prizes that are reducible to monetary value.

Matters become complicated when social games of chance offer prizes in virtual money. If no real money is paid out to players and winnings have no monetary value, social games will not attract regulation under the Act because the virtual money does not constitute money's worth.

This is on the basis that it is not exchangeable for any goods or services and cannot be traded for anything other than additional play that is, a "closed loop". The Commission's March position paper Virtual currencies, eSports and social casino gaming concluded that interpretation of legislation in any case remained a matter for the courts and in view of limited contemporary case law, drew the following conclusions:. Applying the existing regulatory framework allows for proportionate control of the risks associated with betting on eSports.

Maintaining public confidence in the integrity of eSports as an entertainment and betting event relies upon those seeking to benefit commercially from it applying the best practice available from other sports. Where in-game items or currencies which can be won, traded or sold can be converted into cash or exchanged for items of value, under gambling legislation they are considered money or money's worth.

Whether a gambling licence is required to provide facilities for participation in a video game for a prize will be determined by reference to a number of factors, including how the outcome is determined and how the facilities for participation are arranged. In particular, the Commission will prioritise those made available to children, those involving expenditure and those presented as gambling or associated with traditional gambling.

Blockchain technology To what extent is blockchain used in gambling in your jurisdiction? How is it regulated? Blockchain-related gambling is not currently regulated. However, the Commission has begun to consider the licensing implications of blockchain technology and crypto-assets, notably in relation to source of funding, third-party social responsibility, and for existing licensees' general notification requirements regarding funding and payment.

Gambling debts Are gambling debts enforceable in your jurisdiction? Gambling debts are enforceable under section of the Act. Tax What are the applicable tax regimes for land-based and online gambling? The applicable tax regimes for land-based and online gambling at the time of writing are as follows:. Gambling at a casino in the UK gaming duty on or after 1 April The majority of gambling activities are exempt from VAT.

Advertising To what extent is the advertising of gambling permitted in your jurisdiction? To the extent that advertising is permitted, how is it regulated? Since 1 November , an operator must hold a licence from the Commission to advertise in the UK. However, the Commission has confirmed that advertising-only licences will not be granted.

Increasing the use of facilities for gambling. Bringing facilities for gambling or information about them to the attention of one or more persons. Participating in or facilitating an activity, knowing or believing that it is designed to either encourage one or more persons to take advantage whether directly or through an agent of facilities for gambling, or increase the use of facilities for gambling by bringing them or information about them to the attention of one or more persons.

This definition is extremely wide and covers most forms of advertising and marketing, including potentially, online advertising and emails to customer databases. The Secretary of State can pass regulations relating to gambling advertising by controlling the form, content, timing and location of advertisement for gambling, including requirements for specified words to be included in advertisement. At the time of writing, no Secretary of State has exercised this power since the Act came into force on 1 September In December , a voluntary "whistle to whistle" sports betting advertising ban was agreed by betting companies.

On 1 August the fifth edition of the Gambling Industry Code for Socially Responsible Advertising Industry Code came into force, which includes a ban on all TV betting adverts during pre-watershed live sport starting five minutes before the event begins, and ending five minutes after it finishes, including breaks in play such as half-time periods. Relevant offences It is an offence for a person to invite another person under 18 years of age to gamble section 46, Act.

In addition, it is an offence to advertise "unlawful gambling" section , Act. Gambling is "unlawful" if, for it to take place as advertised without the commission of an offence under the Act, it is or may be necessary to rely on a licence or exception under the Act. Therefore, if the provision of facilities for gambling is an offence as the appropriate licence is not held , the facilities cannot be advertised in the UK.

The Commission can take enforcement action against those not permitted to advertise and can seek to prosecute. All advertising must be undertaken in a socially responsible manner and in compliance with the advertising codes of practice and the industry code of practice on advertising ordinary code provision 5.

The following rules apply to gambling advertising in the UK:. The Industry Code, which applies to all gambling advertising in the UK. All advertisements must also be legal, decent, honest and truthful and prepared with a sense of responsibility to consumers and to society.

The ASA does not have criminal sanctions at its disposal to enforce the Codes, however, if an advertiser failed to comply with a direction to withdraw an advertisement, which was in breach, this could prompt the Commission to review the operator's licence. Further, the ASA issues a list of non-compliant advertisers to media outlets, so failure to comply with a direction is likely to lead to the operator being unable to advertise in the UK in the future.

There have been a raft of ASA adjudications upheld against operators in recent years, including the most complained about advertisement in from Paddy Power, which offered "money back if he walks" for punters betting on the outcome of the Oscar Pistorius murder trial. In February , the ASA issued guidance Gambling advertising: responsibility and problem gambling , which was intended to help marketers and agencies interpret the CAP and BCAP's gambling rules as they relate to responsibility and problem gambling issues.

In April , the ASA also published updated guidance Gambling advertising: protecting children and young people on CAP and BCAP gambling rules, as applicable to all media, including online channels such as social media. Most recently, in April , the ASA published an advice note Social media marketing of gambling on eSports to assist operators on how to comply with advertising rules when creating marketing for gambling on eSports on social media.

Additionally, the marketing provisions of the LCCP provide, among others, that licensees should only offer incentive or reward schemes in which the benefit available is proportionate to the type and level of a customer's gambling. In addition, when offering inducements and bonuses, such as free bets or points, the value of the inducement must increase at a rate no greater than the amount spent.

Additional restrictions in relation to marketing were introduced in and in relation to free bets, digital advertisements and affiliate marketing. Developments and reform Legal development. Has the legal status of land-based and online gambling changed significantly in recent years, and if so how? Land-based gambling See Question 4 , Gaming machines. Online gambling See Question 1 regarding the regulation of online gambling moving from a point of supply to a point of consumption. On 31 March , the Commission implemented a multi-operator self-exclusion scheme known as GAMSTOP which enables players to restrict their online gambling by self-excluding from online operators with a single request, rather than requesting exclusion from each operator individually.

Participation and integration with the scheme are now mandatory. On 14 April , the Commission implemented a ban on the use of credit cards for all forms of gambling. Advertising See Question Are there any proposals for reform? Land-based gambling Consumer protection, responsible gambling and AML are areas of high priority to the Commission. This is reflected in the Commission's continued enforcement approach, which has seen numerous operators face significant fines in the past few years for example, Betway Limited and Caesars Entertainment UK agreed record penalty packages totalling GBP The shortcomings faced by these operators in relation to responsible gambling and AML is included in their public statements and provides a useful indication of the Commission's level of focus on these areas.

Since November , the Commission has revoked:. Nine operating licences. There have also been a number of occasions when operators or personal management licence holders have surrendered their licences rather than face the prospect of regulatory action by the Commission.

Additionally, there is ongoing increased focus on PMLs, which is again reflected in various high-profile enforcement cases in the last two years. The Commission's abovementioned areas of high priority were also reflected in the Chief Executive's speech on 2 October at a CEO Breakfast Briefing in which he looked back at the year, talked about the challenges in the industry and discussed the following three opportunities to reduce gambling harm:.

Opportunity one: game and product design. Opportunity two: inducements to gambling. Opportunity three: advertising technology. The following industry working groups were formed in January , in pursuit of these opportunities:. Safer Products Working Group. Safer Advertising Online Working Group. On 1 April the Commission published an update on its "collaborative work" with the industry working groups, which included over 30 licensees, co-ordinated by the BGC, and involved GamCare and people with lived experience of gambling harm.

The working groups' detailed outputs include industry codes and Commission consultations to introduce changes to the LCCP. Gambling was the forefront of many parties' election manifestos, with the Conservatives, Labour, Liberal Democrats and Scottish National Party all calling for reform of the Act.

The review of the Act was confirmed on 19 December in the Queen's Speech. Various parliamentary voices have described the Act as "analogue legislation in a digital age". The APPG published an interim report in November on its assessment of the impact of online gambling, which was followed by its final report in June The final report makes 30 recommendations for regulatory change calling for a "complete overhaul of regulation", including a total ban on advertising and in-play betting, and limiting online stakes.

Additionally, the National Audit Office NAO published a report in February " Gambling regulation: problem gambling and protecting vulnerable people " highlighting several deficiencies in the Commission's ability to protect consumers, enforce licence conditions and measure the result of its regulatory work.

The NAO also determined that the Commission lacked adequate funding to keep pace with the gambling industry. The PAC's report was released on 29 June and its findings included:. The Commission and Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport having an "unacceptably weak understanding" of gambling harm. The Commission needing "a radical overhaul".

The review of the Act being "long overdue". A call for a published league table to "name and shame" errant operators. The government review of the Act will be published in late Online gambling See above, Land-based gambling. The British also love wagering on horse and greyhound races, which has about as long a cultural history in the country as stoicism and a stiff upper lip. Off-track betting sometimes called off-course betting in England and Scotland is so common a sight as to be ubiquitous.

You can even place simple sports wagers in most pubs, particularly in urban areas. As long as all players are competing with an equal advantage, the game is legal. Britons are only breaking the law if they choose to rake the game or create any other advantage — this includes requiring participants to buy tickets, drinks, food, or other trinkets in order to play. Since the government recognizes and even licenses online gaming venues as legitimate businesses, UK-based casinos and betting sites are more likely to be secure and reliable than sites aimed at a less-open market, such as the USA.

People in the UK are traditionally fond of placing a big variety of different wagers, from horse and dog races to formal casino table contests. Top 4 United Kingdom Casino Sites 1. Play Players Accepted.

Related News. Latest Casino News. Vegas Hero Casino. Read Review Play Players Accepted.

UK online casinos benefit from the fact that the people of the United Kingdom have a long and storied cultural familiarity with gambling.

A f l betting Customers must online betting laws uk national lottery aged 16 years to play a lottery and 18 years to play any other form of gambling. Tax Online betting laws uk national lottery PAC's report was released on 29 June and its new jersey sports betting wikipedia included:. The country is also now home to several large casinos. Therefore, they will be held fully accountable where they make a business decision, or fail to make a business decision deliberate or inadvertent that results in any breach. The industry recruits staff to target VIP's and get them to spend more, to contact VIP's who have not gambled for some time and get them to restart gambling, to identify less serious gamblers who could become VIP's and get them to gamble more. However, operating licences are not available for commercial lotteries, except the National Lottery.
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Sports betting moose Prohibitions See Question 6Prohibitions. At online betting laws uk national lottery time of writing, the regulator has not yet seen fit to prosecute mainstream gambling operators for failures in compliance, although there are frequent prosecutions of plainly illegal gambling operations — primarily unlicensed land-based operations. Are there any proposals for reform? The Guardian. There is a large market in the United Kingdom for gambling on competitive sports at bookmakers betting shops or licensed websites, particularly for horsegreyhound racing and football.
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The sorts of events that typically trigger this process are where the operator accepts money from players that has been stolen, sometimes via obviously abnormal deposit patterns, and has failed to make appropriate enquiries as to the source of those funds, or the analogous situation where a player gambles far in excess of his means and the operator similarly fails to engage with him, resulting in social harm. An appeal process and an objective tribunal does exist and operators are free to make representations to that body as well as, ultimately, before the courts.

Please include in this answer any material promotion and advertising restrictions. The British regime is not particularly restrictive in this regard and persons located in Great Britain are generally free to gamble as they please.

There are extensive marketing and consumer protection restrictions and these are described above. At present , there is an acute regulatory focus in the UK on the advertising and promotion of gambling, and the industry is under considerable pressure in relation to the amount and the content of gambling advertising, particularly where there is a perceived attractiveness to children or young persons or where there is the potential for customers to be misled.

Affiliates are also coming under increased scrutiny at least politically and the links between gambling advertising and sport are coming under increased political scrutiny. The exclusive right to run a lottery for commercial gain is reserved for a monopoly provider currently Camelot. Gambling may not be made available or advertised to persons under the age of There are limited exceptions for traditional activities, such as the football pools and the National Lottery, where the relevant age is instead Exemptions also exist for products such as fairground amusements.

Operators are expected to execute robust age verification systems and stakes are required to be refunded to children and young persons and wagers voided. More widely, operators are expected to undertake a risk assessment for their players, both in relation to the potential for money laundering and problem gambling. Operators are expected to understand the affordability of the gambling undertaken by their players, particularly where players are high-spenders.

Operators are expected to have systems in place to identify where players are exhibiting behaviours which indicate potential harm. Where it is appropriate to trigger an interaction with a player, operators are expected to recommend socially responsible measures such as cool-off periods and breaks from gambling or self-exclusion. Operators are expected to have in place measures to detect self-excluded persons who might wish to re-register using different details. Does your jurisdiction permit virtual currencies to be used for gambling and are they separately regulated?

British regulation passes through the full effect of EU anti-money laundering and terrorist financing measures. Otherwise, payment processing per se is not licensable under British gambling law and the main restrictions are that land-based bingo and casinos may not offer credit for wagers and remote gambling operators may not accept credit card payments including through money services providers. All gambling hosted by electronic means and available to persons in Great Britain must be licensed by the Gambling Commission.

A variety of gaming machines are available, categorised according to stakes and payouts, subject to strict regulation as to the limits of those stakes and payouts and the number of machines in any one location. The uploading of gambling functionality onto electronic end-user devices should always be considered carefully. As far as players are concerned, they generally only commit an offence where they attempt to gamble whilst underage or cheat. However, the way that British legislation addresses gambling is to set up a whole series of criminal offences and then provide that the possession of the appropriate licence is a defence.

Offences cover the unlicensed offer of gambling, the unlicensed use of premises for gambling, the promotion or facilitation of a lottery and so on. The legal approach is to completely criminalise gambling but then to make exceptions for persons who comply with the licensing regime, pay the applicable tax, observe the applicable regulation and so on. Alternatively, there are exceptions in the legislation for low-level or private gambling. The definitions in British gambling law are extremely broad.

Anyone who is involved to any material extent in the provision of gambling, or gambling software, may be committing an offence in the UK if they are not correctly licensed or if they cannot take advantage of one of the limited range of exemptions in the legislation. Software suppliers, games suppliers, sportsbook platforms and certain other B2B suppliers may all be potentially licensable.

The British regulator is currently embarked on a series of enforcement actions against its licensees, as described above, including follow-ups from previous enforcement actions. The usual pattern of regulatory enforcement is for the regulator to instigate a review of the operating licence in question, with the consequences described above. At the time of writing, the regulator has not yet seen fit to prosecute mainstream gambling operators for failures in compliance, although there are frequent prosecutions of plainly illegal gambling operations — primarily unlicensed land-based operations.

To date, the typical outcome has been a substantial financial settlement which the operator has negotiated with the regulator in lieu of a formal statutory penalty. The regulator is also beginning to make use of the system of personal management licences to act against individuals and there have been licence suspensions in cases where the regulator considered the operator to be substantially non-compliant.

To date, the Gambling Commission has relied on its statutory powers under British law and its contacts with fellow European regulators. Have fines, licence revocations or other sanctions been enforced in your jurisdiction? In the intervening years, however, the absence of political support, press hostility and vociferous opposition from minority groups have given rise to a far less supportive atmosphere verging by on outright official hostility. In fiscal terms, operators have already suffered the removal of tax-exempt status for free bets and a ban on the use of credit cards, and a revenue-hungry Government may well look again at rates of duty.

Advertising regulations have tightened and there is almost constant negative Parliamentary scrutiny of gambling and in particular remote gambling, often phrased in highly emotive terms and highlighting individual cases. The British House of Lords published a report in July with 66 proposals for tightening or restricting gambling including restrictions on tie-ups with sport, the licensing of affiliates and increased affordability assessments. Future changes to law or regulation may well reflect some or all of this.

In the recent British elections, both major parties committed to review current gambling law on the basis that the existing legislation does not adequately protect the vulnerable. Wiggin LLP. United Kingdom: Gambling Laws and Regulations ICLG - Gambling Laws and Regulations - United Kingdom covers common issues in gambling laws and regulations — including relevant authorities and legislation, application for a licence, licence restrictions, digital media, enforcement and liability — in 37 jurisdictions.

Chapter Content Free Access 1. Relevant Authorities and Legislation 2. Under current plans, online sales to 16 and 17 year olds will stop in April The call for evidence will run for 16 weeks and will close on 31 March Changes around the National Lottery minimum age will be brought into effect by October at the latest. The first three of up to 14 new specialist clinics are open as part of the NHS Long-Term Plan to expand the geographical coverage of NHS services for people who experience serious gambling problems.

The Department for Health and Social Care is working with the NHS and GambleAware to ensure best use of all available funding, and to align and integrate the expansion of treatment services across the system so patients get the right treatment at the right time.

To help us improve GOV. It will take only 2 minutes to fill in. Skip to main content. Tell us whether you accept cookies We use cookies to collect information about how you use GOV. Accept all cookies. Set cookie preferences. Brexit Check what you need to do. Home Society and culture. Press release Government launches review to ensure gambling laws are fit for digital age.

Published 8 December Share this page Share on Facebook Share on Twitter. Explore the topic Society and culture. Is this page useful? Maybe Yes this page is useful No this page is not useful. Thank you for your feedback. There is something wrong with this page. What were you doing?

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The Commission has issued codes on a number of matters, the most important being its licence conditions and codes of practice LCCP , which is amended from time to time following public consultations. At the time of writing, the April edition came into effect on 14 April Further changes are subject to consultation and any LCCP changes are expected to be implemented in October The LCCP is issued under the Act section 24 and regulates how facilities for gambling are provided.

Failure to provide facilities for gambling in accordance with a Commission licence and the LCCP is a criminal offence under the Act section 33 and perhaps more importantly, puts the licence at risk. Issue operating licences. Specify general licence conditions for each type of licence and any individual licence conditions which it considers appropriate.

Issue codes of practice concerning the way in which facilities for gambling are to be provided. Investigate and prosecute illegal gambling and other offences under the Act. Issue guidance to local authorities on their role. Advise the Secretary of State on the incidence of gambling, how it is carried out, its effects and its regulation.

In contrast with its predecessor, the Gaming Board, the Commission has the power to investigate and prosecute offences directly. The Commission has the important regulatory power to call in licences for review and can initiate investigations in any of the following circumstances:. To establish whether its conditions are being complied with.

Where it fears a licensee has been convicted of a relevant criminal offence. Where it considers a licensee to be unsuitable to continue holding a licence. Generally, where a review is deemed appropriate. The consequences below may be enforced by the Commission following a review, including:. Issuing a warning to a licence holder.

Attaching an additional condition to a licence. Removing or amending a condition to a licence. Imposing a financial penalty following breach of a licence condition. In addition, the Commission has regulatory powers that can be exercised without carrying out a licence review, including:. Suspending a licence at the outset. Imposing a financial penalty, where the Commission thinks that a condition of a licence has been breached.

Deciding that a licence has lapsed if a licensee becomes incapable of carrying on the licensed activities by reason of mental or physical incapacity. Revoking a licence for non-payment of an annual fee. Gambling products. What gambling products have been specifically identified by legislation, and what different requirements have been established for each? The Act regulates the following gambling products:.

Lotteries raffles , excluding commercial lotteries. Arcades There are three types of amusement arcades:. Adult gaming centres. Unlicensed family entertainment centres. The three different types of amusement arcades can offer specific categories of gaming machine. No one under the age of 18 years can enter an adult gaming centre or the adult-only section of a licensed family entertainment centre. Bingo Bingo is "equal chance" gaming. Although there is no legal definition or a standard set of rules governing the game, bingo has developed to a point that the game is broadly similar throughout the UK.

The Commission has published guidance on its view of what bingo is and how it differs from other forms of gambling. This advice was developed with the support of key stakeholders in the bingo industry. Betting "Betting" is defined as the making of or acceptance of bets on one of the following:. The outcome of an event. The likelihood of anything occurring or not.

There are several sub-categories of betting including:. Real event betting that is, fixed odds betting. Virtual event betting based on a random number generator. Pool betting including fantasy football-type competitions , which is betting made on terms that all or part of the winnings will be determined by reference to the total stakes played by those betting and that the winnings will be divided among the winners or be made something other than money.

The Commission has published various advice notes and position papers on betting intermediaries, betting on lotteries, in-play betting and most recently on eSports. Casinos Casino refers to an arrangement whereby people are given an opportunity to participate in one or more casino games. It applies equally to casinos located physically in buildings in which the games are played that is, land-based casinos and to online casinos offering casino games by some form of remote communication.

Although, for obvious reasons, only the former will require a premises licence. Premises licences for land-based casinos can be obtained for both large and small Act casinos. There were over Act casinos in operation when the Act came into force. This number has remained fairly stable, with openings and closures more or less in balance. The following specific requirements relating to small and large casinos also apply:.

Small casino:. Large casino:. Casino premises licences also allow the licensee to make available any number of games of chance other than casino games, such as equal chance card room games. They also permit licensees to provide automated table games, such as automated roulette that is, a version of the game played with a wheel controlled electronically rather than with a croupier.

Is computer software for use in connection with remote gambling. Does not include anything for use solely in connection with a gaming machine. In June , the Commission published an advice note on what constitutes gambling software, which stated that the Commission's interest is the ultimate control of product development.

This is determined through considering a number of factors, including:. Who is responsible for design and functionality, testing and approving design changes. Whether the contract is for the purchase of a product or the payment of time and expertise.

Gaming machines The definition of a gaming machine is deliberately broad, covering a wide range of gambling activities which can take place on a machine, including betting on virtual events. It is a machine which is designed or adapted for use by individuals to gamble whether or not it can also be used for other purposes section 1 , Act. The main gaming provisions are contained in Part 10 of the Act, which governs:. The manufacture, supply, maintenance, repair, installation and adaption of a machine, including its software, which are all regulated activities.

Gaming machines, which are situated in Great Britain, or if activities are conducted in Great Britain in relation to the machines, irrespective of where they are situated. For example, a gaming machine manufactured in Great Britain for export overseas is covered by the provisions or will require a gaming machine technical operating licence. However, these machines need not comply with the gaming machine categorisation regulations under section of the Act see below.

Under section , gaming machines fall into categories from A to D depending on the maximum stake and prize available and are set out in detail in secondary regulations. Category B2 gaming machines, also known as fixed-odds betting terminals FOBTs , provide a variety of casino games, and betting shops are entitled to four FOBTs per premises.

They have been subject to intense public and political scrutiny regarding the maximum stake permissible. Lottery Lotteries cannot be run for private or commercial gain and are defined as simple lotteries if all of the following applies:. Payment is required to participate. One or more prizes are allocated to one or more members of a class.

The allocation of prizes relies wholly on chance. A complex lottery exists if in addition to the first two points above, prizes are allocated by a series of processes, the first of which relies wholly on chance. The definition therefore includes events which contain an element of skill after the initial process. There are several types of lotteries but the main types are society lotteries small and large , private lotteries and the National Lottery subject to separate legislation.

What is the licensing regime if any for land-based gambling? Available licences There are two types of Commission licences:. Non-remote operating licences for land-based activities, which require an accompanying premises licence. Remote operating licences for online activities. Operators that want to offer remote and non-remote services must hold both operating licences.

The provisions contained in the Act apply equally to both services. The Act creates the following categories of operating licences:. Casino operating licence. General betting operating licence with various sub-categories. Betting intermediary operating licence. Gaming machine operating licence with various sub-categories. Lottery operating licence societies and external lottery managers. Operating licences Applications for operating licences are made to the Commission, who will determine following extensive investigation and having regard to the licensing objectives whether the applicant is suitable to carry on the licensed activities.

The Commission publishes on its website www. This statement sets out in broad terms the principles which are used to assess any application, such as:. Identity and ownership. Any person worldwide can apply for an operating licence, however, the Commission must be satisfied as to the suitability of the location of key gambling equipment.

In addition, as part of the application process, the applicant must meet the Commission's suitability requirements. Application procedure. A non-remote operating licence application can be made via the Commission's online application system or using the application form on its website, together with various supporting documents including detailed policies and procedures.

Timing depends on the complexity of the business and corporate structure. In the authors' experience, applications usually take between two to four months to be determined from the point of submission, but could take up to six months. Land-based casinos are generally considered to be a high impact activity in terms of the Commission's work, which means that applications may attract a high level of scrutiny and interest.

Duration of licence and cost. Operating licences are granted in perpetuity, subject to lapse, revocation, surrender or suspension. Application fees and annual fees vary according to the category of licence and gross gambling yield. Commission fees are linked to the burden of regulating a particular activity. New fees came into force on 6 April following the Commission's joint consultation with the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Premises licence There are five types of licences to enable premises to be used for:. A casino. An adult gaming centre for making Category B gaming machines available for use. A family entertainment centre, for Category C gaming machines. A premises licence is not required to provide facilities if they are to be used only by those who are either:. Acting in the course of the business.

Only one premises licence can apply to a particular premises at a time, which limits the type of gambling permitted to the particular type authorised by the licence. The rule is subject to exceptions, most notably in relation to betting tracks, however, no more than one premises licence can operate in relation to any area of the track. Different gaming machine entitlements apply to different types of premises licences.

The application is made to the licensing authority of the area that the premises are located in. The applicant must hold, or have applied for, an operating licence from the Commission authorising the type of gambling for which the premises are sought.

The applicant must have a right to occupy the premises to which the application relates, which can be a freehold, leasehold or tenancy. There is no limit on the number of premises licences, with the exception of casino licences. Only 16 premises licences for casinos were made available under the Act and each licence is subject to a public competition, with the local authority determining which bidder will be awarded the licence.

Personal licences Although the operating licence authorises an individual, company, or other form of association to operate a particular type of gambling, those responsible for the management of the business, for compliance and for the control of gambling, will need Commission approval in the form of a personal licence.

There are two types of personal licences:. Personal management licence PML. Any individual with management responsibility for any of the following five key positions must hold a PML:. Overall strategy and delivery of gambling operations. Financial planning, control and budgeting. Gambling-related IT provision and security. A PFL is issued to individuals working in a casino who are involved in gaming or handling cash for example, croupiers, dealers and cashiers.

PML and PFL holders must take all reasonable steps to ensure that they do not breach any of the licence conditions. In addition, they have various detailed reporting requirements in relation to "key events", notification of which must be submitted on behalf of the operator section Investment not by way of subscription of shares.

Material change in the licensee's banking arrangements. Investigation into the licensee's activities. PML and PFL holders must keep gambling fair and safe, by taking all reasonable steps to ensure their associated licensed operator complies with the Act, the LCCP and other regulatory obligations. In the authors' experience, the Commission's policy is to hold PML holders directly responsible for licence breaches.

The practical reality is that it is individuals holding PML holders, not companies holding operating licences, who are making decisions. Therefore, they will be held fully accountable where they make a business decision, or fail to make a business decision deliberate or inadvertent that results in any breach.

Changes of corporate control Under the Act section , a change of corporate control occurs when a new person or other legal entity in the licensee's ownership structure becomes a "controller" of the licensee. Licences are not transferable. An application for a new or separate licence is not required. However, an application providing detailed information on the change of control must be submitted to the Commission within five weeks of the change occurring section 5 , Act.

Otherwise, the Commission will revoke the licence. The Commission has a statutory power to grant an extension before or after the expiry of this period. Subject the Commission's assessment, the two possible outcomes are either that:. Continuance is granted with the new controller that is, the change of corporate control is approved. The licence is revoked that is, the change of corporate control is refused.

What are the limitations or requirements imposed on land-based gambling operators? The Commission must specify conditions in respect of:. All operating licences. Operating licences falling within a specified category. These conditions will only be lawful if they are necessary to uphold the licensing objectives. The Commission has wide discretion as to how they will regulate operating licences through conditions.

General conditions to be attached to operating licences. General conditions to be attached to personal licences. Code of practice attaching to casino premises licences concerning access by children and young persons. The Commission will also enquire into the suitability of any gaming machine, equipment or software to be used in connection with the licensed activities.

Prohibitions Society and external lottery manager operating licences are available for non-commercial lotteries. However, operating licences are not available for commercial lotteries, except the National Lottery. Customers must be aged 16 years to play a lottery and 18 years to play any other form of gambling.

Restrictions There is no ban on local residents gambling in Great Britain. However, there are strict social responsibility requirements set out in in the LCCP in relation to:. Preventing underage gambling. Identifying and managing at-risk and problem gamblers. Self-exclusion local and national schemes. Additionally, detailed requirements apply in relation to all of the following:. Assessing local risk. Anti-money laundering legislation AML is a complex area, which cannot be summarised in this chapter.

The significance of the new provisions for gambling operators includes, but is not limited to, the regulation of virtual currencies and increased levels of scrutiny required for transactions from high-risk countries.

What is the licensing regime if any for online gambling? Casino game host. General betting host virtual events. These licences are for B2Bs only, but only in circumstances where both of the following criteria are met:. The applicant holds or will hold a gambling software operating licence.

The applicant does not contract directly with players. Eligibility See Question 5. Application procedure See Question 5. However, applications for online gambling can only be submitted online via the Commission's application system. Although the majority of requirements are the same, there are certain nuances that apply due to the differences between land-based and online business models.

Online operators must now disclose the revenue of the applicant company and wider group's activities in foreign jurisdictions. Duration of licence and cost See Question 5. Changes of corporate control See Question 5 , Changes of corporate control. What are the limitations or requirements imposed on online gambling operators? If the application procedure confuses you, you can create a test application to gain a better understanding of how it works. When processing your application, the UK Gambling Commission checks for evidence that supports the following:.

If, for any reason, the commission refuses your application, it will also give you the reasons for doing so. Once you receive your license to operate an online gambling business in the UK, you have to maintain it by paying an annual fee to the commission. Also, you have to renew your license every five years. You can use an online tool called the fees calculator to find out exactly how much you have to pay as fees to the commission.

The UK Gambling Commission also offers a service called the online self-serve portal, which makes things very easy for online gambling businesses. If you already hold an operating license in the UK, you can use this service to apply for more licenses, modify the services you are licensed to offer, pay fees, and submit audits or regulatory returns.

You can also use the online self-serve portal to apply for an operating license or a personal functional license online. If you already hold a personal functional license, which allows you to work as a dealer, cashier, pit boss, supervisor, inspector, or security officer at a land-based casino, you can use this service to manage your personal license. You will get plenty of information regarding legislation, licensing, and responsible gambling on the official website of the UK Gambling Commission.

However, you can use the following methods if you feel the need to contact a customer support agent:. UK regulated gambling industry focuses on responsible gambling. The official website of the UK Gambling Commission has a section devoted to responsible gambling, which shows you how to gambling responsibly at a licensed online casino using online gambling management tools. The UK is a well-regulated gambling jurisdiction for operators as well as gambling enthusiasts.

You can play and run online gambling businesses in a safe, secure, well-regulated, and licensed gambling. You can rest assured of a great gambling experience as long as you comply with the laws and gamble responsibly. It firmly deals with non-compliance and uses its regulatory powers as and when required. Applying for an Operating License in the UK Operators who wish to set up a gambling business in the UK must first apply for a license online. When processing your application, the UK Gambling Commission checks for evidence that supports the following: Ownership and identity Finances Competence Criminality Integrity If, for any reason, the commission refuses your application, it will also give you the reasons for doing so.

How to Contact the UK Gambling Commission You will get plenty of information regarding legislation, licensing, and responsible gambling on the official website of the UK Gambling Commission.

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