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This is a country where the oppression of women, the ban on homosexuality and executions of minors are a daily reality. The EU and the international community must continue to express their opposition to the breaches of human rights in Iran for as long as these outrages continue. The EU fully shares the concern regarding the extensive use of capital punishment in Iran, as confirmed by the alarming number of executions carried out in Iran throughout Most of the executions took place after summary trials, without the right to appeal and for offences, notably drugs trafficking, which according to international minimum standards should not result in capital punishment.

As regards the case of Messrs. The EU holds a strong, principled position against the death penalty. It consistently calls on Iran to halt all pending executions and to introduce a moratorium on this cruel and inhuman punishment. Oggetto: Costi elevati per un'alimentazione sana: quali prospettive per il nuovo piano di azione europeo e per la strategia europea. In tema di alimentazione, gli esperti raccomandano di seguire una dieta equilibrata e variegata, consumando 5 porzioni al giorno di frutta e verdura, cereali integrali, carni magre e limitando il consumo di alimenti ad alto contenuto energetico.

I risultati evidenziano che le politiche di riduzione dei costi dei cibi sani ne aumentano sensibilmente il consumo da parte delle persone. Gli aspetti fiscali e le politiche dei prezzi sono di competenza degli Stati membri.

Al momento non sono previsti ulteriori studi sul rapporto tra i prezzi e le abitudini alimentari. When it comes to food, experts recommend that we follow a balanced and varied diet containing five daily portions of fruit and vegetables, wholegrain cereals and lean meat, and that we limit our consumption of high-energy foodstuffs.

However, various studies from a number of US universities claim that the cost of a calorie of fish, lean meat, fruit, vegetables and wholegrain cereals is higher, on average, than the cost of a calorie of high-energy food. Of course, it is possible to eat healthily even on a limited budget; however, it is more difficult to consume healthy food than to consume fatty food, which is quicker and easier. It thus follows that the wealthier members of society are often the only ones who can afford to follow a balanced diet.

The results show that a policy of reducing the cost of healthy food considerably increases its consumption. The High Level Group is developing a common Action Plan to tackle childhood obesity , addressing, among other elements, the important role of parents and schools, the regular participation of children in physical activity and the advisable boundaries for marketing and advertising.

The strategy highlights that obesity is rising among Europeans and that it disproportionately affects those in low socioeconomic groups. Issues of taxation and pricing policies are within the remit of the Member States. At this point, no additional studies on the relationship between pricing and eating habits are foreseen. With Why is the age limit for unemployed young people to be included in the indicator used for the Youth Guarantee set at 25 instead of 30?

Does the Commission have a specific action plan to prevent and rectify these alarmingly high levels of youth unemployment? This age limit reflects the official definition of youth employment as used by Eurostat. In principle, this will target young persons under the age of 25 not in employment, education or training. Member States may extend this target group to include young people up to the age of 30 within the eligible regions on a voluntary basis, but should bear in mind their commitment under the above Council Recommendation.

The implementation of the Youth Guarantee is the first priority for the Commission in promoting youth employment. However, a wide spectrum of social and political organisations and various NGOs have been accusing European companies involved in Guatemala of failing to respect the rights of those concerned to be consulted and of infringing human rights. In many cases, the outcome of referendums in which local communities have opposed the launching of hydroelectric projects have simply been ignored by the companies, which have gone ahead with their projects in Guatemala anyway, thereby infringing the above convention.

The Guatemalan Government is responsible for ensuring compliance with international agreements signed by it and should therefore guarantee respect for the democratically expressed wishes of indigenous peoples in its territory and halt work on many projects which are being completed or are about to be launched. Concerning the energy market situation, prices have continued to rise, creating major inequalities regarding access. Many NGOs and social organisations complain of unavailable or limited power supplies following the privatisation.

The hydroelectric projects have clearly been of no benefit to the communities in which they are located. Will it urge Guatemala to comply with the Convention, to which it is a signatory, and effectively uphold the rights of indigenous peoples?

A number of multinational companies have recently become interested in the business opportunities offered by hydroelectrical plants in Guatemala. However, a wide spectrum of social and political organisations and various NGOs have accused European companies involved in Guatemala of failing to respect the right to consultation of those affected and of infringing basic human rights.

Numerous investigations have accused European companies of taking advantage of the almost complete absence of a stable legal framework to carry out their projects without having to comply with international rules and treaties Specifically, most of these companies fail to respect the terms of ILO Convention , which establishes that such projects can only be implemented once a referendum has been held in the communities affected by them.

Prices in the energy market have continued to rise, making access to energy highly unequal and leading to complaints from many NGOs and social organisations about the absence or restriction of power supply since the sector was privatised. This clearly shows that these hydroelectric projects have been of no benefit to the communities in which they are located. Contracts to build hydroelectric projects are a source of considerable income for construction and electrical companies, at the cost of severe environmental impact, which often takes place on land belonging to indigenous communities.

These multi-million euro construction contracts are a major source of income for a large number of big European companies, which carry out their projects in open violation of ILO treaties. According to information from the National Commission of Electric Energy, currently 27 hydroelectric plants are operating throughout the country. Another 20 projects are either approved or under consideration by the competent authorities.

The EU believes that proper consultations with the population that potentially could be affected by these projects are of high importance. Equal access to information is essential in this regard and effective consultation mechanisms ought to be set up. The fact that several hydroelectric projects operate without conflict shows that there are some good practices.

Respect of local legislation constitutes a basic prerequisite for any enterprise to meet its social responsibility. Betrifft: Riskcycle: besonders problematische Stoffe in der Abfallphase. Zudem gibt es registrierte Stoffe, bei denen diese Phase in den Registrierungsdossiers abgedeckt wird. Dieses Element sollte jedoch nicht im Mittelpunkt des Prozesses der Stoffbewertung stehen. By reducing the input of particularly problematic substances such as POPs or substances of very high concern SVHCs in the primary products, these can also be kept out of secondary products.

Does the Commission agree that reducing the input of particularly problematic substances is a particular responsibility under the implementation of the REACH Regulation, the Guidance Documents of which explicitly include the waste stage in the substance evaluation for the registration of substances, for example?

Is the Commission aware of any registration dossiers that satisfy this requirement? Does the Commission consider this to be a useful objective in the ongoing examination of dossiers by the European Chemicals Agency ECHA in order to set the necessary priorities? Quality of recyclates depends to a large degree in homogeneity and purity of waste streams. However, this element should not be the focus of the substance evaluation process. The restriction and authorisation processes are better suited to address concerns from problematic substances in the waste stage.

However, evaluation can help bridge the knowledge gap on many substances and set priorities enabling these risk management tools to address concerns identified in the waste stage. In light of the fact that there has been a European Year theme every year since and that this is a highly successful project, we would like to know:. Where and when was the official decision made that there would be no European Year ?

What is happening with the financial resources which were earmarked for European Year ? When does the Commission intend to organise a European Year for reconciling work and family life, as requested by Parliament?

However, considering the specific nature of as a year of elections of the European Parliament and of institutional transition, the Commission has considered that it is more appropriate to continue actions related with the European Year of Citizens into No specific resources were earmarked for the European year The actions which will be supported in in the framework of the European Year of Citizens are budgeted on the financial envelope.

The proposal that should be the European Year of Development has been adopted by the Commission and is now being considered for adoption by the European Parliament and the Council. The Commission will consider future proposals for European years in due time. Terwijl het religieuze geweld waartoe Boko Haram en de tak Ansaru aanzetten momenteel veel media-aandacht krijgt, moeten de omstandigheden die de opkomst van dergelijke groepen bevorderen, nog aan de orde worden gesteld.

Er blijft een dringende behoefte bestaan om de onderliggende systematische marginalisering van niet-moslims in de noordelijke en centrale staten aan te pakken, evenals het klimaat van straffeloosheid dat religieus geweld omringt.

Het aanhoudende geweld in Nigeria is een bron van grote zorg. Het geweld richt zich niet alleen tegen de instellingen, maar ook tegen onschuldige burgers, zowel moslims als christenen. De EU werkt samen met de regering en de bevolking van Nigeria om deze cyclus van geweld te helpen doorbreken.

Daarnaast voorziet het stabiliteitsinstrument in specifieke bijstand op het gebied van veiligheid en de rechtsstaat. Het is de bedoeling bepaalde activiteiten in het kader van het 11e EOF toe te spitsen op het noorden van Nigeria. Korkean edustajan, varapuheenjohtaja Catherine Ashtonin komission puolesta antama vastaus. While religious violence instigated by Boko Haram and its offshoot Ansaru is currently receiving wide media coverage, the conditions that facilitate the emergence of such groups have yet to be addressed.

There remains an urgent need to tackle the underlying systematic marginalisation of non-Muslims in various northern and central states, as well as the culture of impunity surrounding religious violence. Together, these factors create an enabling environment in which religious discrimination and violence can occur without consequences. The continued violence in Nigeria is of great concern. It targets not only state institutions, but also innoncent civilians, both Muslims and Christians.

The EU is working with the government and people of Nigeria to help bring an end to the cycle of violence. It does so through continuous political dialogue on appropriate solutions to the problems, and through targeted aid interventions in support of Nigerian initiatives.

In addition, the Instrument for Stability is providing specific assistance in the area of security and rule of law. Last month the United Nations launched the international year of family farming initiative in a bid to raise awareness of the role that family farms play in providing food security and alleviating hunger and poverty. Furthermore, how does the Commission expect the reformed Common Agricultural Policy to contribute to family farming?

The CAP offers a wide range of measures to enhance the competitiveness of family farms irrespective of their size, output and production methods. Measures available within Rural Development Policy allow family farms to become more sustainable by improving economic, environmental and social delivery. A specific emphasis is placed on targeting young farmers, which is essential in order to ensure generational renewal of farms.

The reform also provides farmers with the means to have more effective access to markets. Farmers can opt for measures that will help them to sell their products directly to consumers and become involved in short supply chains and local markets.

Measures aiming at strengthening of producer organisations and introduction of risk management tools are also intended to enhance the competitiveness of family farms. As far as research and innovation is concerned, the European Innovation Partnership for agricultural productivity and sustainability will provide opportunities for setting up Operational Groups who will develop, test and apply innovative approaches.

There is concern that new housing in the area would have a negative impact on biodiversity. This is likely to involve asphalting and other encroachments on the natural environment. The directive nevertheless foresees that Member States shall pay attention to the protection of wetlands and particularly to wetlands of international importance.

The Swedish authorities are responsible for the evaluation of the impact of this housing project which is not necessary incompatible with nature conservation. There is, at this stage, no evidence that Sweden is not acting in conformity with EU legislation. If there exists relevant proof that chemical weapons were used recently in an attack in Syria, this would be a serious breach of international law.

The European Union can no longer stand by while the rights of innocent civilians are violated and, what is more, people are losing their lives. During the Syrian attack, more than a hundred thousand people were killed and a large number of others were forced to leave the country.

A chemical attack cannot be justified under any circumstances whatsoever. Only in this way will it be possible to ensure that violence does not lead to further violence. If so, what will its next steps be? As indicated in the reports to the UN Security Council, there is undisputable evidence that chemical weapons have been used in Syria.

The reports do not identify the perpetrators of these attacks. The EU has been supporting the international effort to destroy Syria's chemical weapons politically as well as practically. The overall target date for the destruction of Syria's chemical weapons was set by the UNSC Resolution for the end of the first semester of The schedule of intermediate steps has been flexible and it became clear that the transportation of the chemical weapons by sea would not begin before early The EU is well aware of the logistical obstacles and of the security conditions in the country.

It is necessary and important to make the appropriate efforts needed to ensure that older people can be full members of society. Their rights must be promoted and protected, especially through multilateral dialogue among stakeholders. To this end, discussions have long been held on the need for a new international treaty on the protection of the rights of the elderly. The EU is fully committed to the promotion and protection of human rights of older persons and acknowledges the serious challenges older persons face.

Still much more could be done under the existing international human rights obligations to improve the enjoyment of human rights by older persons and to combat age discrimination. The EU will cooperate with the expert once appointed and share practical examples, for instance its experience with the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities which covers the most vulnerable groups of older person namely those with disabilities resulting from age related impairments.

The EU could also share how it is seeking to enable EU older citizens to lead healthy, active and independent lives by the European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing which gathers stakeholders from public and private sectors, and how the Commission is monitoring Member States' implementation of the existing EU legal acquis which also comprises provisions to protect against age-related discrimination in employment and occupation.

It should be noted that with these privatisations, the Portuguese Government has disposed of strategic companies the energy company EDP, the energy grid company REN and the airport operator ANA that were profitable, and this will deny the Government both the ability to strongly influence these sectors of the economy, which promote economic development and social justice, as well as the profits and dividends that these companies generate.

In light of the above, how does the Commission justify these privatisations? Given that the Treaty is supposedly neutral with regard to whether these companies should be in public or private ownership, is the Commission not obliged to strictly respect the same position? Has there been any assessment of the impact of these privatisations, in terms of lost future revenue to the Portuguese Government and the weakening of its ability to intervene in these strategic sectors?

Upon conception of the Economic Adjustment Programme for Portugal in Spring , both the government and the international lenders considered it appropriate that Portugal would make a contribution to its financing needs over the programme period, inter alia through privatisations.

This amount has been achieved much ahead of schedule and the government plans further privatisation in the coming months. Financially, the government's privatisation programme is thus a significant success.

The Commission believes that development and social policies should be implemented through appropriate means e. Such policies are part of the EU Agenda and the Commission plays an active role in this process. The fact that nowadays energy providers and airport operators are very often private undertakings reflects the evolution of perceptions in time. How does the Commission justify yet another privatisation? Has there been any assessment of the impact of privatising the CTT, in terms of lost future revenue to the Portuguese Government and the weakening of its ability to intervene in this strategic sector?

In which other EU countries have governments totally renounced their position in the postal services sector? The share price came out at the top of the price corridor set by the government EUR 5. The sale was thus considered a big success from a financial point of view. Postal services companies have been privatised in a number of other EU Member States, e.

The Commission does not keep a record of privatisations in the postal service sector. According to press reports, at the end of September the Commission sent Member-State governments a set of recommendations for the forthcoming European Parliament elections.

In these recommendations, the parties contesting the elections are requested to provide information on the European political party to which they belong, with the suggestion that the respective names and logos are included on voting forms, together with the candidate they are supporting for the post of Commission President. In light of the above, can the Commission provide the specific details of the recommendations sent to Member State governments for the forthcoming Parliament elections?

Given that these recommendations clearly go beyond the provisions of the existing EU standards for Parliament elections, how does the Commission justify this interference in aspects of how these elections are organised? Encouraging the participation of EU citizens in the democratic life is a high priority for the Commission. The recommendation is addressed to national and to European political parties, as well as to the Member States.

It provides inter alia that voters should be informed of the affiliation between national and European political parties, including by the indication of such an affiliation on the ballots and by displaying it in campaign materials of national parties; European and national parties should make known the candidate for President of the European Commission they support; national parties should ensure that their political broadcasts are also used to inform citizens about that candidate and the candidate's programme.

Wanneer heeft de Commissie voor het eerst kennis genomen van de plannen van de Mexicaanse autoriteiten om PNR-gegevens op te vragen, en wanneer is de Commissie hiervan officieel door de Mexicaanse autoriteiten op te hoogte gesteld? Welke stappen zal de Commissie ondernemen om te waarborgen dat de overdracht van gegevens aansluit bij de Europese regels inzake privacybescherming?

Welke consequenties heeft deze overeenkomst voor de overdracht van persoonlijke gegevens aan Mexico? Welke juridische waarborgen zijn er voor de burgers van de Europese Unie? Hoe luidt de stand van zaken wat betreft de besprekingen met Rusland over de toekomstige verplichting voor luchtvaartmaatschappijen om PNR-gegevens over te dragen?

Wanneer verwacht de Commissie resultaten van deze besprekingen? Welk soort garanties heeft de Commissie van Rusland ontvangen? In verzochten de Mexicaanse autoriteiten de diensten van de Commissie om onderhandelingen over een PNR-overeenkomst te starten. Besprekingen over de technische aspecten tussen de diensten van de Commissie en de bevoegde Mexicaanse autoriteiten zullen de komende maanden plaatsvinden.

De Commissie is niet op de hoogte van de verklaring van China en zal deze kwestie onderzoeken. Such data transfers are not allowed under EU data protection laws. What steps will the Commission take to ensure that data transfers to Mexico are in line with European data protection rules? What consequences will that agreement have for transfers of personal data to Mexico? What legal safeguards will EU citizens have?

What is the state of play with regard to the talks with Russia on the future requirement for carriers to transfer PNR data? What strategy does the Commission have to ensure that such transfers are in line with EU data protection laws?

When does the Commission expect an outcome from these talks? What sort of reassurances has the Commission received from Russia? Technical talks between the Commission services and the relevant Mexican authorities will take place in the coming months. Talks with the Russian authorities continue to address outstanding issues, among which the requirement to transfer data for overflights, which is a major concern. The inhabitants and authorities of the region of Eastern Macedonia and Thrace along the River Nestos are extremely concerned following the detection of increased traces of cadmium in surface water samples, resulting in a prohibition on fishing along the Greek section of the river.

Does it know how the funds for the Greece-Bulgaria cross-border programme have been utilised? No exceedances of the Environmental Quality Standards EQS for heavy metals, such as cadmium, were reported by Bulgaria for the river basin district to which the river Nestos belongs BG However, the EQS applied were obsolete. Bulgaria has since informed the Commission that more stringent EQS, based on the Commission guidance, will be applied in the next assessment and, where appropriate, in the identification of any remedial measures.

De Commissie is op de hoogte van het verslag van de Rekenkamer over de uitvoering van de begroting van de Europese Unie voor het begrotingsjaar Het cohesiebeleid vormt het belangrijkste beleidsinstrument van de EU ter ondersteuning van haar strategie voor slimme, duurzame en inclusieve groei; dit wordt weerspiegeld in de conclusies van de bijeenkomst van de Europese Raad van februari en is verankerd in het pakket regelgeving dat onlangs door het Europees Parlement en de Raad is aangenomen.

According to the Commission, this percentage of 6. Is the Commission au fait with the annual report from the Court of Auditors for 1? Will the Commission now finally come to the conclusion that regional policy must be abolished and the funds returned to the contributing Member States so that each Member State can itself determine how the money is spent, especially as it is now evident that the percentage of regional subsidies unduly paid out has become unacceptably high over the last four years?

In any event, the Commission follows up all cases of detected errors, to ensure that all irregular amounts are recovered. Insbesondere im Rahmen des De Commissie erkent het belang van het Guyanaschild als ecoregio en heeft de Guyanaschild-faciliteit actief ondersteund. Zij is van mening dat de langetermijnbescherming van het Guyanaschild moet worden gegrondvest op de beginselen van goede governance en duurzaam beheer van de natuurlijke hulpbronnen.

Bovendien kan steun voor de bescherming van het Guyanaschild ook uit intra-ACS-middelen, waarbij sterk de nadruk wordt gelegd op milieu en klimaatverandering, alsmede uit DCI-middelen worden gefinancierd. The Commission has been actively promoting the conservation and sustainable development of the area since the s, including via the funding of the Guiana Shield Initiative, and the Guiana Shield Facility, an initiative established by the Commission in cooperation with the UNDP, from to Given the importance of the Guiana Shield in halting the loss of biodiversity in the world, and as regards its fresh water supply, its tropical forest protection and its carbon sequestration in relation to global warming, does the Commission consider that the area should continue to be protected in the long term?

Based on its policy intentions in the new multiannual financial framework, is the Commission prepared to continue to ensure, both politically and financially, the long-term sustainable development of the Guiana Shield, as well as its cooperation with the UNDP and the Guiana Shield Facility? The Commission recognises the importance of the Guiana Shield as an eco-region and has actively supported the Guiana Shield Facility project.

The Commission considers that the principles of good governance and the sustainable management of natural resources should underpin the long-term protection of the Guiana Shield. In this respect, enhanced collaboration between the countries in the region is essential and will be the key to region's sustainability in the long term.

Under the new multi-annual financial framework, regional support will be available for programmes and projects in support of sustainable development. Oggetto: Rapimento di dodici suore da un convento cristiano in Siria. Responsibility for this kidnapping has been claimed by a rebel group known as the Free Qalamoun Brigades.

The EU has repeatedly stated, including in Foreign Affairs Council conclusions, its concern with the rise of religiously or ethnically motivated violence. Any violence against civilians in general, and based on identitity issues such as religion or ethnicity in particular, is unacceptable. The Christian community of Syria, alongside other communtiies, has been victim of such violence, which the HRVPcondemns in the strongest terms. There have been numerous cases of kidnapping, disappearance and arbitrary detention in Syria.

The HRVP has repeatedly made clear that such appalling practices must stop and all those kidnapped or arbitrarily detained be released without delay. The EU addresses the Syrian conflict in its entirety and vast complexity by means of a comprehensive approach, which includes efforts to work against the widespread violations of human rights, causing suffering to millions of Syrian people and seeking a solution to the ongoing crisis.

De Commissie heeft in haar antwoord medegedeeld dat, van de door de Europese burgers aan de Palestijnse autoriteit betaalde belastingmiddelen, niets bij de veroordeelde terroristen terechtkomt. Zo ja, komt dan het antwoord dat de Commissie mij heeft gegeven in een ander licht te staan? Blijft de Commissie in het licht van de bevindingen van de Europese Rekenkamer volhouden dat er geen cent aan EU-belastinggeld terechtkomt bij Palestijnse terroristen? Zo ja, waar baseert de Commissie dit standpunt op?

Graag een gedetailleerde toelichting met ondersteunend bewijsmateriaal. De conclusie van dit verslag luidde dat de Commissie en de EDEO er ondanks de moeilijke omstandigheden in zijn geslaagd deze steun ten uitvoer te leggen en dat er geen aanwijzingen zijn voor corruptie of wanbeheer. In its answer, the Commission stated that none of the money which European citizens pay in tax ends up in the hands of convicted terrorists.

If so, does that shed a different light on the answer which the Commission gave me? If so, on what does the Commission base this position? Please provide a detailed account with supporting evidence. The report concluded that the Commission and EEAS have succeeded in implementing this support despite difficult circumstances and that there is no evidence of corruption or mismanagement. Es ist nicht Sache des Rates, die Standpunkte der Kommission zu kommentieren oder Auslegungen von Rechtsvorschriften der Union vorzunehmen.

Can the Council detail the required formalities and state which of these have been fulfilled? It is not for the Council to comment on positions expressed by the Commission nor to interpret provisions of Union law. Can the Commission detail the required formalities and state which of these have been fulfilled?

The jurisdiction is essential for the functioning of European patents with unitary effect. This particular structure is without prejudice with regard to the exercise of the Union competence in line with the Treaties in the future. L'edilizia rappresenta un settore nevralgico dell'economia italiana che, a causa del difficile momento congiunturale, versa in un momento di forte crisi che non accenna a diminuire, come testimoniato dalle proiezioni che prevedono per il ancora un forte calo di investimenti e, di conseguenza, di lavoro e occupazione.

Il relativo Piano d'azione delinea programmi, incentivi fiscali, meccanismi di credito e strumenti finanziari per il rinnovo degli edifici esistenti. I criteri specifici di intervento dei fondi sono definiti nell'Accordo di partenariato dell'Italia e nei relativi programmi operativi.

I ritardi nei pagamenti gravano in modo particolare sul settore delle costruzioni in certi paesi, tra cui l'Italia. The construction sector is a crucial part of the Italian economy, which is in deep crisis due to the current tough economic climate and which is set to remain so, as the forecasts of yet another sharp fall in investment and hence in employment in show.

Between and , investment in new housing construction fell by The sector consists, for the most part, of very small companies which have been severely affected by the crisis. These buildings need to be adapted in order to comply with a number of technological standards which can no longer be overlooked.

Consequently, work needs to start on upgrading historic centres and on maintaining schools, public buildings and healthcare facilities. The main causes of the crisis in the construction sector were the blocking of claims against the public administration and the failure of credit institutions to lend. What steps will the Commission take to get viable construction companies that are closing every day due to a lack of liquidity back on track? What strategies does it intend to launch to revive a sector which is crucial to growth and development?

The Commission is aware of the situation presented by the Honourable Member regarding the significant economic downturn of the construction sector in Italy and other EU countries. Its Action Plan emphasises programmes, fiscal incentives, credit mechanisms and financial instruments for the renovation of existing buildings. Following the approach taken for the period, European Structural and Investment ESI Funds will provide in the opportunity to support investments to promote energy efficiency, smart energy management and renewable energy use in public buildings and infrastructure.

ESI funds can also support investments to address specific risks and integrated actions to tackle environmental, climate, demographic and social challenges affecting urban areas. The specific criteria of intervention of the funds will be defined in Italy's Partnership Agreement and Operational Programmes. Late payments particularly affect the construction sector in some countries, including Italy.

The Commission is currently in contact with the Italian authorities in order to verify compliance with the directive. Should the national measures transposing the directive reveal non-compliance, or if the directive is being incorrectly applied, the Commission may take the necessary action including, where appropriate, infringement procedures.

Will the Commission develop cross-cutting roadmaps that cover development in the energy sector, the transport sector and the ICT sector, as requested by Parliament in its own-initiative report adopted during the December part-session? The Commission welcomes the EP own-initiative report.

The Commission fully recognises the benefits of policy coordination but does not foresee such inter-sectoral roadmaps in its Work Planning. Already today, policy development and policy planning documents in all of the three fields mentioned take cross-sectoral developments fully into account. The very CARS process is already an example of a modern holistic policy making, where the Commission successfully brought together the interests of various stakeholders and significantly improved the coordination among Commission services.

In addition, regular meetings of the Competitiveness Group of Commissioners provided an effective forum in which all cross-cutting strategic questions were discussed with the participation of all relevant Commissioners. Finally, the Europe process provides the overall framework which foresees forward-looking and retrospective elements across many different areas.

Dezember Point 2. Komisia Prezident Obama predniesol What procedure may the Commission put in place in order to avoid a repetition of the recent situation, when there was wiretapping of political leaders, diplomats and several European institutions?

On the same day the Commission informed about the outcome of the consultations conducted with the U. The promotion of human rights and democracy in the world is one of our priorities. Annual reports facilitate our work in many ways because they provide a picture of whether our work has been successful and whether we have managed to achieve our objectives.

By mapping the situation, we ascertain where our help is most needed. The EU Annual Report for tells us that we must continue our efforts. Violations of the principles of democracy and the rule of law and the suppression of human rights and fundamental freedoms are, unfortunately, still common occurrences in many countries around the world. In this respect, it is crucial that we stand united. If we are to succeed, all European institutions and all Member States must have a common, strong approach.

How does the Commission intend to contribute to the promotion of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the world in the near future? The EU is highly dedicated to the promotion and protection of human rights and democracy worldwide and fully agrees that a common approach is necessary if we are to succeed in this endeavour. The EU has a unified strategic framework for this crucial policy area, endorsed by the Council and the EP.

Focal points for human rights and democracy have been established in almost all EU delegations, responsible for working specifically with these issues in respective countries. In , the Council adopted two new sets of guidelines in the field of human rights: EU Guidelines on the promotion and protection of freedom of religion or belief FORB , and Guidelines to promote and protect the enjoyment of all human rights by lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex LGBTI persons. Efforts to promote human rights and fundamental freedoms include developing local human rights country strategies in third countries, continually engage in human rights dialogues, produce public statements, and official procedures.

At the same time, the cultural and creative sectors — bearing in mind that they occupy a strategic position between the arts, businesses and technology — are a kind of catalyst for innovation in other sectors as well, such as information and communications technology, for example. The significance of culture cannot be therefore understood only in terms of its economic role. What steps does the Commission plan to take in the effort to support culture and the creative sectors in the Union, and at the same time to boost employment of people active in the area of culture and the arts?

The European Capitals of Culture initiative is a good example of this. Smart investment in culture remains important even in times of economic downturn. The actions of Member States are also complemented by a number of EU initiatives to support the emergence of creative ecosystems across sectors, focusing on five policy drivers: developing skills, improving access to finance, enlarging the marketplace for these sectors, expanding their international reach, and reinforcing links between different policies and sectors of economic activities.

Job security must be a precondition for a well functioning labour market. In other words, employees of temporary employment agencies should not have less favourable working conditions than employees in the user enterprise. That means that over half of the staff will be from temporary employment agencies. It is not for the Council to provide an interpretation on the implementation of the legal provisions of an EU directive nor on the actions of an individual company.

Meist fehlt eine Krankenversicherung. Diese wird sicherlich erneut auch besonders von den Roma genutzt werden, die in der Regel wenig gebildet und auf dem Arbeitsmarkt kaum vermittelbar sind. Und das muss dann auch entsprechend genutzt werden.

Wir zahlen nicht zweimal. Sozialtourismus — verhindert werden soll? Weitere Einzelheiten werden in der oben genannten Mitteilung dargelegt. There are many well-integrated people from Romania and Bulgaria who live in Germany. However, there are also many people from both of those countries who lived in very difficult conditions, and often poverty, in their homeland, and who are seeking better living conditions. Another major problem is the lack of personal documents. The EU reportedly faces eight million people with no personal documentation.

There is often no health insurance. These refugees from poverty live in a mixture of overcrowded housing, dilapidated properties and other temporary accommodation. As of , the full freedom of movement for workers will apply to Romania and Bulgaria — in other words, their citizens may take a job in any EU country.

Many of them apply for asylum, despite the fact that there are no grounds for so doing. The municipalities are complaining that some of the immigrants from these two EU countries only come to Germany in order to claim social security benefits. That is how that money must then be used. What deliberations are taking place at EU level in respect of all the people with no personal documents?

It also contains a range of robust safeguards to help Member States fight abuse and fraud. Further details are set out in the above communication. As regards the lack of personal documentation to which the Honourable Member refers, the Commission would like to recall that Member States are only obliged to grant EU citizens leave to enter their territory with a valid ID card or passport, and EU citizens have a right of residence in another EU Member State for a period of up to three months without any conditions or formalities other than the requirement to hold a valid ID card or passport.

This lack of information on chemical status and pollutants stands in the way of the public having an opinion on the subject. The presence of pollutants constitutes a serious risk to public health, and the lack of knowledge about these pollutants significantly increases such risks.

The Blueprint states that full compliance with the pre-Water Framework Directive directives relating to the chemical status of water has not been achieved. Although point sources of pollution have been reduced, diffuse pollution, primarily originating from agriculture, continues to increase, and can only be resolved through changes in agricultural management.

Does the Commission believe that EU legislation should include provisions requiring that:. Standardised mandatory protocols be laid down for networks to monitor the chemical status of water based on the uses and functions of each body of water and the type and nature of pollutants in them? The list of priority hazardous substances subject to strict timetables for gradual reduction and total banning, and prohibition on release, be extended?

Compliance with the Water Framework Directive, together with the other directives on water quality, be expressly included in EU legislation in the conditionality mechanisms for any type of aid from the common agricultural policy? Pursuant to the polluter pays principle, charges be applied for pollution caused by the use of fertilisers and pesticides? It be mandatory to provide buffer zones that are free from pesticides and fertilisers along watercourses?

It specifies certain monitoring parameters and is complemented by guidance on how to focus monitoring. MS are required to report the chemical status of water bodies in their river basin management plans subject to public consultation.

The Commission reviews the list of priority substances every six years. In , 6 priority hazardous substances PHS were added to the list and 2 existing priority substances reclassified as PHS. The decision on their application is a task for MS.

The WFD requires measures to be taken to mitigate pollution from diffuse sources. In both cases, the measures could include buffer zones. Water trading between individuals is carried out by users who, for various reasons, have stopped using the resource, and therefore transfer the rights to other users who are going to use it.

When a resource ceases to be used it remains in the water environment, and does environmental work, but if this water is transferred to another user it is subtracted from the natural water environment, ceasing to carry out its function and, therefore, trading of rights between individuals will always lead to an increase in consumption. Trading of water rights between individuals is at odds with the principle that water is a public asset, so individuals who own a right, and not the resource itself, ought not to be able to sell it to third parties.

The creation of public water banks is only acceptable with the aim of water used for irrigation or industry being obtained to guarantee environmental flows and sufficient supply to populations, during periods of drought. Does the Commission believe that EU legislation should include provisions laying down that:. Public water banks that are created operate solely during periods of drought, on a temporary basis, to acquire water used for irrigation or industry and to guarantee environmental flows and sufficient supply to populations, provided that the exchanges are carried out solely within a single water catchment area?

Member States may expropriate water rights when supply to populations or for environmental uses is jeopardised? The Water Blueprint highlighted that water trading could help to improve water efficiency and overcome water stress, if a sustainable overall cap for water use is implemented.

The Blueprint proposed developing guidance to help the development of water trading in the Member States that choose to employ it. To this end, a proper mechanism for water allocation to users is essential. However, water allocation and prioritisation between different users is a task for Member States' authorities. Does it think that significant budget headings ought to be provided at EU level for the greening of concrete channels and breakwaters and other existing grey infrastructure, without losing sight of the protective function provided by that infrastructure?

Natural flood risk management approaches e. GIs can be supported through EU funds provided Member States give adequate priority to this kind of investments in their programmes and plans. Increased efficiency in the use of irrigation can end up being counterproductive, because it often leads to an increase in the area irrigated or to more intensive crop-growing. In those basins or sub-basins where demand exceeds or is close to the supply of renewable water resources, an increase in the area irrigated not be permitted?

When the reference values laid down in the basin management plan for that crop in that area or region are exceeded, the price of water be increased progressively in such a way as to act as a disincentive and, at the same time, the price of water be reduced when consumption is below the reference values laid down? Improved efficiency in the use of water for irrigation be accompanied by a proportionate decrease in allocations, and must under no circumstances lead to an increase in the area irrigated or to crops being grown more intensively?

Plans to improve efficiency ensure that the quality of the water returned to the environment after being used is at least equal to the quality of the water taken from the headwaters of the irrigable zone? EU legislation provides for controls on the negative impacts irrigation can have on the status of waterbodies.

Where this is in relation to a net increase in irrigated area an environmental analysis is required, and where the water body is in less than good status, support for the investment is blocked in principle, with limited exceptions. Abstraction, diffuse and point source pollution are significant pressures that must be managed by Member States in their River Basin Management Plans to ensure the achievement of good status.

To finance investments carried out under Rural Development priority 5, Member States are required to prove that cost recovery and incentive pricing are in place in the agricultural sector. In other words, a new independent state would, by the fact of its independence, become a third country with respect to the Union and the treaties would, from the day of its independence, not apply anymore on its territory.

In any case, this would be subject to ratification by all Member States and the Applicant State. Can the President of the European Council clarify whether this also applies to Scotland? It is evident from the remarks quoted by the Honourable Member that they refer to all such situations. Wat is de Commissie voornemens te doen — voordat het te laat is — om te voorkomen dat deze maatregel, die gericht is op het loslaten van de Franse cultuur, waarden en geschiedenis, die een belangrijk onderdeel vormen van de Europese waarden, wordt goedgekeurd en van kracht wordt?

Het onderwerp van het onderzoeksverslag dat door het geachte Parlementslid is vermeld, valt buiten de werkingssfeer van het EU-recht. What does the Commission intend to do in order to avoid the adoption and entry into force of this measure, aiming at the abandonment of French culture, values and history, which are an important part of European values, before it is too late?

Intant, l-informazzjoni disponibbli hawnhekk aktarx tkun ta' interess:. What action plan is being proposed by the national competent authorities to manage the levels of environmental noise generated by high volumes of traffic on the Triq il-Wied road so as to render them acceptable for a residential town? Malta has also submitted the action plan summary foreseen by Art. Both the action plan and its summary report contain information on the public consultations organised.

The Commission is participating in the revision process of the Noise Community Guidelines led by the WHO, with results expected by the end of These guidelines will provide a comprehensive overview on the potential effects of different noise levels on human health.

Meanwhile, information available here may be of interest:. Una recente inchiesta dimostra come l'Italia fatichi ad applicare la Convenzione di Washington per il controllo del commercio degli animali e delle piante, in vigore nel nostro paese dal Dal ad oggi, la Forestale ha contato oltre reati di bracconaggio, denunciando persone, arrestandone 12 e dando il via a perquisizioni e oltre illeciti amministrativi.

Si va dalla Stenella striata al delfino italiano, dal pettirosso ai datteri di mare, agli scoiattoli, dal ghiro ai ricci di bosco bolliti vivi e poi fritti. Non ritiene di dover uniformare i controlli e le legislazioni in tema di bracconaggio e di bando del commercio degli animali protetti negli Stati membri? A recent investigation has shown how Italy is struggling to apply the Washington Convention on trade in flora and fauna, in force in Italy since These figures give an idea of the scale of a widespread problem which affects every region of Italy.

The animals which are the victims are rare, protected or their hunting is simply prohibited, and yet they are illegally served as expensive dishes in certain restaurants. These victims include striped and common dolphins, robins, date mussels, squirrels, dormice and hedgehogs, the latter boiled alive and then fried. Can it confirm that all the Member States have signed the Washington Convention and invite any countries who have not to do so as soon as possible? Does it not believe that the controls and legislation concerning poaching and banning the trade in protected animals in the Member States should be standardised?

Member States are responsible for enforcing EU legislations related to wildlife e. The Commission works closely with the Member States to constantly strengthen the enforcement of those rules. Molti critici del Fiscal Compact sottolineano criticamente — con pervicace ostinazione — il fatto che esso sia un trattato internazionale e non un trattato dell'Unione europea, come se la sua natura giuridica fosse in un certo modo difforme da quella dei trattati europei.

In caso di conflitto d'interpretazione o di applicazione quale Corte si deve adire per ottenere giustizia? Esso ha tuttavia forti collegamenti con il diritto dell'Unione, fa riferimento a strumenti giuridici dell'UE e si basa in parte sul suo quadro istituzionale. A norma dell'articolo 16 del TSCG, sono adottate le misure necessarie per incorporare il contenuto del trattato nell'ordinamento giuridico dell'Unione europea. Many critics of the Fiscal Compact have stubbornly continued to highlight the fact that it is an international, rather than a European Union, treaty, as though its legal nature were in some way different from that of European Treaties.

Since it is an international treaty, it is subject to customary international laws on treaties as codified by the Vienna Convention of La direttiva Seveso III specifica inoltre che le potenziali cause prese in considerazione dovrebbero includere quelle naturali, ad esempio terremoti e inondazioni. Indeed, considering the geological structure of the subsoil, the affected area — heavily built-up and industrialised — is on an active fault line which, according to the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia Italian National Geophysics and Volcanology Institute , could trigger powerful earthquakes.

The Commission is not aware of the existence of the underground methane gas storage facility in the province of Treviso and related expansion plans. This implies that the operator of such a facility has to establish a safety report which should, inter alia , identify possible accident scenarios including a summary of potential causes. This has many drawbacks which are discussed in more detail here - how bitcoin gambling works.

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These multi-million euro construction contracts are a major source of income for a large number of big European companies, which carry out their projects in open violation of ILO treaties. According to information from the National Commission of Electric Energy, currently 27 hydroelectric plants are operating throughout the country.

Another 20 projects are either approved or under consideration by the competent authorities. The EU believes that proper consultations with the population that potentially could be affected by these projects are of high importance. Equal access to information is essential in this regard and effective consultation mechanisms ought to be set up.

The fact that several hydroelectric projects operate without conflict shows that there are some good practices. Respect of local legislation constitutes a basic prerequisite for any enterprise to meet its social responsibility. Betrifft: Riskcycle: besonders problematische Stoffe in der Abfallphase. Zudem gibt es registrierte Stoffe, bei denen diese Phase in den Registrierungsdossiers abgedeckt wird.

Dieses Element sollte jedoch nicht im Mittelpunkt des Prozesses der Stoffbewertung stehen. By reducing the input of particularly problematic substances such as POPs or substances of very high concern SVHCs in the primary products, these can also be kept out of secondary products. Does the Commission agree that reducing the input of particularly problematic substances is a particular responsibility under the implementation of the REACH Regulation, the Guidance Documents of which explicitly include the waste stage in the substance evaluation for the registration of substances, for example?

Is the Commission aware of any registration dossiers that satisfy this requirement? Does the Commission consider this to be a useful objective in the ongoing examination of dossiers by the European Chemicals Agency ECHA in order to set the necessary priorities?

Quality of recyclates depends to a large degree in homogeneity and purity of waste streams. However, this element should not be the focus of the substance evaluation process. The restriction and authorisation processes are better suited to address concerns from problematic substances in the waste stage.

However, evaluation can help bridge the knowledge gap on many substances and set priorities enabling these risk management tools to address concerns identified in the waste stage. In light of the fact that there has been a European Year theme every year since and that this is a highly successful project, we would like to know:. Where and when was the official decision made that there would be no European Year ? What is happening with the financial resources which were earmarked for European Year ?

When does the Commission intend to organise a European Year for reconciling work and family life, as requested by Parliament? However, considering the specific nature of as a year of elections of the European Parliament and of institutional transition, the Commission has considered that it is more appropriate to continue actions related with the European Year of Citizens into No specific resources were earmarked for the European year The actions which will be supported in in the framework of the European Year of Citizens are budgeted on the financial envelope.

The proposal that should be the European Year of Development has been adopted by the Commission and is now being considered for adoption by the European Parliament and the Council. The Commission will consider future proposals for European years in due time. Terwijl het religieuze geweld waartoe Boko Haram en de tak Ansaru aanzetten momenteel veel media-aandacht krijgt, moeten de omstandigheden die de opkomst van dergelijke groepen bevorderen, nog aan de orde worden gesteld.

Er blijft een dringende behoefte bestaan om de onderliggende systematische marginalisering van niet-moslims in de noordelijke en centrale staten aan te pakken, evenals het klimaat van straffeloosheid dat religieus geweld omringt. Het aanhoudende geweld in Nigeria is een bron van grote zorg. Het geweld richt zich niet alleen tegen de instellingen, maar ook tegen onschuldige burgers, zowel moslims als christenen. De EU werkt samen met de regering en de bevolking van Nigeria om deze cyclus van geweld te helpen doorbreken.

Daarnaast voorziet het stabiliteitsinstrument in specifieke bijstand op het gebied van veiligheid en de rechtsstaat. Het is de bedoeling bepaalde activiteiten in het kader van het 11e EOF toe te spitsen op het noorden van Nigeria.

Korkean edustajan, varapuheenjohtaja Catherine Ashtonin komission puolesta antama vastaus. While religious violence instigated by Boko Haram and its offshoot Ansaru is currently receiving wide media coverage, the conditions that facilitate the emergence of such groups have yet to be addressed.

There remains an urgent need to tackle the underlying systematic marginalisation of non-Muslims in various northern and central states, as well as the culture of impunity surrounding religious violence. Together, these factors create an enabling environment in which religious discrimination and violence can occur without consequences. The continued violence in Nigeria is of great concern. It targets not only state institutions, but also innoncent civilians, both Muslims and Christians.

The EU is working with the government and people of Nigeria to help bring an end to the cycle of violence. It does so through continuous political dialogue on appropriate solutions to the problems, and through targeted aid interventions in support of Nigerian initiatives. In addition, the Instrument for Stability is providing specific assistance in the area of security and rule of law. Last month the United Nations launched the international year of family farming initiative in a bid to raise awareness of the role that family farms play in providing food security and alleviating hunger and poverty.

Furthermore, how does the Commission expect the reformed Common Agricultural Policy to contribute to family farming? The CAP offers a wide range of measures to enhance the competitiveness of family farms irrespective of their size, output and production methods. Measures available within Rural Development Policy allow family farms to become more sustainable by improving economic, environmental and social delivery.

A specific emphasis is placed on targeting young farmers, which is essential in order to ensure generational renewal of farms. The reform also provides farmers with the means to have more effective access to markets. Farmers can opt for measures that will help them to sell their products directly to consumers and become involved in short supply chains and local markets.

Measures aiming at strengthening of producer organisations and introduction of risk management tools are also intended to enhance the competitiveness of family farms. As far as research and innovation is concerned, the European Innovation Partnership for agricultural productivity and sustainability will provide opportunities for setting up Operational Groups who will develop, test and apply innovative approaches.

There is concern that new housing in the area would have a negative impact on biodiversity. This is likely to involve asphalting and other encroachments on the natural environment. The directive nevertheless foresees that Member States shall pay attention to the protection of wetlands and particularly to wetlands of international importance. The Swedish authorities are responsible for the evaluation of the impact of this housing project which is not necessary incompatible with nature conservation.

There is, at this stage, no evidence that Sweden is not acting in conformity with EU legislation. If there exists relevant proof that chemical weapons were used recently in an attack in Syria, this would be a serious breach of international law. The European Union can no longer stand by while the rights of innocent civilians are violated and, what is more, people are losing their lives.

During the Syrian attack, more than a hundred thousand people were killed and a large number of others were forced to leave the country. A chemical attack cannot be justified under any circumstances whatsoever. Only in this way will it be possible to ensure that violence does not lead to further violence.

If so, what will its next steps be? As indicated in the reports to the UN Security Council, there is undisputable evidence that chemical weapons have been used in Syria. The reports do not identify the perpetrators of these attacks.

The EU has been supporting the international effort to destroy Syria's chemical weapons politically as well as practically. The overall target date for the destruction of Syria's chemical weapons was set by the UNSC Resolution for the end of the first semester of The schedule of intermediate steps has been flexible and it became clear that the transportation of the chemical weapons by sea would not begin before early The EU is well aware of the logistical obstacles and of the security conditions in the country.

It is necessary and important to make the appropriate efforts needed to ensure that older people can be full members of society. Their rights must be promoted and protected, especially through multilateral dialogue among stakeholders. To this end, discussions have long been held on the need for a new international treaty on the protection of the rights of the elderly.

The EU is fully committed to the promotion and protection of human rights of older persons and acknowledges the serious challenges older persons face. Still much more could be done under the existing international human rights obligations to improve the enjoyment of human rights by older persons and to combat age discrimination.

The EU will cooperate with the expert once appointed and share practical examples, for instance its experience with the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities which covers the most vulnerable groups of older person namely those with disabilities resulting from age related impairments. The EU could also share how it is seeking to enable EU older citizens to lead healthy, active and independent lives by the European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing which gathers stakeholders from public and private sectors, and how the Commission is monitoring Member States' implementation of the existing EU legal acquis which also comprises provisions to protect against age-related discrimination in employment and occupation.

It should be noted that with these privatisations, the Portuguese Government has disposed of strategic companies the energy company EDP, the energy grid company REN and the airport operator ANA that were profitable, and this will deny the Government both the ability to strongly influence these sectors of the economy, which promote economic development and social justice, as well as the profits and dividends that these companies generate.

In light of the above, how does the Commission justify these privatisations? Given that the Treaty is supposedly neutral with regard to whether these companies should be in public or private ownership, is the Commission not obliged to strictly respect the same position? Has there been any assessment of the impact of these privatisations, in terms of lost future revenue to the Portuguese Government and the weakening of its ability to intervene in these strategic sectors?

Upon conception of the Economic Adjustment Programme for Portugal in Spring , both the government and the international lenders considered it appropriate that Portugal would make a contribution to its financing needs over the programme period, inter alia through privatisations.

This amount has been achieved much ahead of schedule and the government plans further privatisation in the coming months. Financially, the government's privatisation programme is thus a significant success. The Commission believes that development and social policies should be implemented through appropriate means e.

Such policies are part of the EU Agenda and the Commission plays an active role in this process. The fact that nowadays energy providers and airport operators are very often private undertakings reflects the evolution of perceptions in time. How does the Commission justify yet another privatisation? Has there been any assessment of the impact of privatising the CTT, in terms of lost future revenue to the Portuguese Government and the weakening of its ability to intervene in this strategic sector?

In which other EU countries have governments totally renounced their position in the postal services sector? The share price came out at the top of the price corridor set by the government EUR 5. The sale was thus considered a big success from a financial point of view. Postal services companies have been privatised in a number of other EU Member States, e. The Commission does not keep a record of privatisations in the postal service sector. According to press reports, at the end of September the Commission sent Member-State governments a set of recommendations for the forthcoming European Parliament elections.

In these recommendations, the parties contesting the elections are requested to provide information on the European political party to which they belong, with the suggestion that the respective names and logos are included on voting forms, together with the candidate they are supporting for the post of Commission President. In light of the above, can the Commission provide the specific details of the recommendations sent to Member State governments for the forthcoming Parliament elections?

Given that these recommendations clearly go beyond the provisions of the existing EU standards for Parliament elections, how does the Commission justify this interference in aspects of how these elections are organised? Encouraging the participation of EU citizens in the democratic life is a high priority for the Commission. The recommendation is addressed to national and to European political parties, as well as to the Member States.

It provides inter alia that voters should be informed of the affiliation between national and European political parties, including by the indication of such an affiliation on the ballots and by displaying it in campaign materials of national parties; European and national parties should make known the candidate for President of the European Commission they support; national parties should ensure that their political broadcasts are also used to inform citizens about that candidate and the candidate's programme.

Wanneer heeft de Commissie voor het eerst kennis genomen van de plannen van de Mexicaanse autoriteiten om PNR-gegevens op te vragen, en wanneer is de Commissie hiervan officieel door de Mexicaanse autoriteiten op te hoogte gesteld? Welke stappen zal de Commissie ondernemen om te waarborgen dat de overdracht van gegevens aansluit bij de Europese regels inzake privacybescherming? Welke consequenties heeft deze overeenkomst voor de overdracht van persoonlijke gegevens aan Mexico? Welke juridische waarborgen zijn er voor de burgers van de Europese Unie?

Hoe luidt de stand van zaken wat betreft de besprekingen met Rusland over de toekomstige verplichting voor luchtvaartmaatschappijen om PNR-gegevens over te dragen? Wanneer verwacht de Commissie resultaten van deze besprekingen? Welk soort garanties heeft de Commissie van Rusland ontvangen? In verzochten de Mexicaanse autoriteiten de diensten van de Commissie om onderhandelingen over een PNR-overeenkomst te starten.

Besprekingen over de technische aspecten tussen de diensten van de Commissie en de bevoegde Mexicaanse autoriteiten zullen de komende maanden plaatsvinden. De Commissie is niet op de hoogte van de verklaring van China en zal deze kwestie onderzoeken. Such data transfers are not allowed under EU data protection laws. What steps will the Commission take to ensure that data transfers to Mexico are in line with European data protection rules?

What consequences will that agreement have for transfers of personal data to Mexico? What legal safeguards will EU citizens have? What is the state of play with regard to the talks with Russia on the future requirement for carriers to transfer PNR data? What strategy does the Commission have to ensure that such transfers are in line with EU data protection laws?

When does the Commission expect an outcome from these talks? What sort of reassurances has the Commission received from Russia? Technical talks between the Commission services and the relevant Mexican authorities will take place in the coming months. Talks with the Russian authorities continue to address outstanding issues, among which the requirement to transfer data for overflights, which is a major concern.

The inhabitants and authorities of the region of Eastern Macedonia and Thrace along the River Nestos are extremely concerned following the detection of increased traces of cadmium in surface water samples, resulting in a prohibition on fishing along the Greek section of the river. Does it know how the funds for the Greece-Bulgaria cross-border programme have been utilised? No exceedances of the Environmental Quality Standards EQS for heavy metals, such as cadmium, were reported by Bulgaria for the river basin district to which the river Nestos belongs BG However, the EQS applied were obsolete.

Bulgaria has since informed the Commission that more stringent EQS, based on the Commission guidance, will be applied in the next assessment and, where appropriate, in the identification of any remedial measures. De Commissie is op de hoogte van het verslag van de Rekenkamer over de uitvoering van de begroting van de Europese Unie voor het begrotingsjaar Het cohesiebeleid vormt het belangrijkste beleidsinstrument van de EU ter ondersteuning van haar strategie voor slimme, duurzame en inclusieve groei; dit wordt weerspiegeld in de conclusies van de bijeenkomst van de Europese Raad van februari en is verankerd in het pakket regelgeving dat onlangs door het Europees Parlement en de Raad is aangenomen.

According to the Commission, this percentage of 6. Is the Commission au fait with the annual report from the Court of Auditors for 1? Will the Commission now finally come to the conclusion that regional policy must be abolished and the funds returned to the contributing Member States so that each Member State can itself determine how the money is spent, especially as it is now evident that the percentage of regional subsidies unduly paid out has become unacceptably high over the last four years?

In any event, the Commission follows up all cases of detected errors, to ensure that all irregular amounts are recovered. Insbesondere im Rahmen des De Commissie erkent het belang van het Guyanaschild als ecoregio en heeft de Guyanaschild-faciliteit actief ondersteund. Zij is van mening dat de langetermijnbescherming van het Guyanaschild moet worden gegrondvest op de beginselen van goede governance en duurzaam beheer van de natuurlijke hulpbronnen.

Bovendien kan steun voor de bescherming van het Guyanaschild ook uit intra-ACS-middelen, waarbij sterk de nadruk wordt gelegd op milieu en klimaatverandering, alsmede uit DCI-middelen worden gefinancierd. The Commission has been actively promoting the conservation and sustainable development of the area since the s, including via the funding of the Guiana Shield Initiative, and the Guiana Shield Facility, an initiative established by the Commission in cooperation with the UNDP, from to Given the importance of the Guiana Shield in halting the loss of biodiversity in the world, and as regards its fresh water supply, its tropical forest protection and its carbon sequestration in relation to global warming, does the Commission consider that the area should continue to be protected in the long term?

Based on its policy intentions in the new multiannual financial framework, is the Commission prepared to continue to ensure, both politically and financially, the long-term sustainable development of the Guiana Shield, as well as its cooperation with the UNDP and the Guiana Shield Facility?

The Commission recognises the importance of the Guiana Shield as an eco-region and has actively supported the Guiana Shield Facility project. The Commission considers that the principles of good governance and the sustainable management of natural resources should underpin the long-term protection of the Guiana Shield. In this respect, enhanced collaboration between the countries in the region is essential and will be the key to region's sustainability in the long term.

Under the new multi-annual financial framework, regional support will be available for programmes and projects in support of sustainable development. Oggetto: Rapimento di dodici suore da un convento cristiano in Siria. Responsibility for this kidnapping has been claimed by a rebel group known as the Free Qalamoun Brigades. The EU has repeatedly stated, including in Foreign Affairs Council conclusions, its concern with the rise of religiously or ethnically motivated violence.

Any violence against civilians in general, and based on identitity issues such as religion or ethnicity in particular, is unacceptable. The Christian community of Syria, alongside other communtiies, has been victim of such violence, which the HRVPcondemns in the strongest terms. There have been numerous cases of kidnapping, disappearance and arbitrary detention in Syria. The HRVP has repeatedly made clear that such appalling practices must stop and all those kidnapped or arbitrarily detained be released without delay.

The EU addresses the Syrian conflict in its entirety and vast complexity by means of a comprehensive approach, which includes efforts to work against the widespread violations of human rights, causing suffering to millions of Syrian people and seeking a solution to the ongoing crisis.

De Commissie heeft in haar antwoord medegedeeld dat, van de door de Europese burgers aan de Palestijnse autoriteit betaalde belastingmiddelen, niets bij de veroordeelde terroristen terechtkomt. Zo ja, komt dan het antwoord dat de Commissie mij heeft gegeven in een ander licht te staan?

Blijft de Commissie in het licht van de bevindingen van de Europese Rekenkamer volhouden dat er geen cent aan EU-belastinggeld terechtkomt bij Palestijnse terroristen? Zo ja, waar baseert de Commissie dit standpunt op? Graag een gedetailleerde toelichting met ondersteunend bewijsmateriaal. De conclusie van dit verslag luidde dat de Commissie en de EDEO er ondanks de moeilijke omstandigheden in zijn geslaagd deze steun ten uitvoer te leggen en dat er geen aanwijzingen zijn voor corruptie of wanbeheer.

In its answer, the Commission stated that none of the money which European citizens pay in tax ends up in the hands of convicted terrorists. If so, does that shed a different light on the answer which the Commission gave me? If so, on what does the Commission base this position? Please provide a detailed account with supporting evidence. The report concluded that the Commission and EEAS have succeeded in implementing this support despite difficult circumstances and that there is no evidence of corruption or mismanagement.

Es ist nicht Sache des Rates, die Standpunkte der Kommission zu kommentieren oder Auslegungen von Rechtsvorschriften der Union vorzunehmen. Can the Council detail the required formalities and state which of these have been fulfilled? It is not for the Council to comment on positions expressed by the Commission nor to interpret provisions of Union law. Can the Commission detail the required formalities and state which of these have been fulfilled?

The jurisdiction is essential for the functioning of European patents with unitary effect. This particular structure is without prejudice with regard to the exercise of the Union competence in line with the Treaties in the future. L'edilizia rappresenta un settore nevralgico dell'economia italiana che, a causa del difficile momento congiunturale, versa in un momento di forte crisi che non accenna a diminuire, come testimoniato dalle proiezioni che prevedono per il ancora un forte calo di investimenti e, di conseguenza, di lavoro e occupazione.

Il relativo Piano d'azione delinea programmi, incentivi fiscali, meccanismi di credito e strumenti finanziari per il rinnovo degli edifici esistenti. I criteri specifici di intervento dei fondi sono definiti nell'Accordo di partenariato dell'Italia e nei relativi programmi operativi. I ritardi nei pagamenti gravano in modo particolare sul settore delle costruzioni in certi paesi, tra cui l'Italia. The construction sector is a crucial part of the Italian economy, which is in deep crisis due to the current tough economic climate and which is set to remain so, as the forecasts of yet another sharp fall in investment and hence in employment in show.

Between and , investment in new housing construction fell by The sector consists, for the most part, of very small companies which have been severely affected by the crisis. These buildings need to be adapted in order to comply with a number of technological standards which can no longer be overlooked.

Consequently, work needs to start on upgrading historic centres and on maintaining schools, public buildings and healthcare facilities. The main causes of the crisis in the construction sector were the blocking of claims against the public administration and the failure of credit institutions to lend. What steps will the Commission take to get viable construction companies that are closing every day due to a lack of liquidity back on track?

What strategies does it intend to launch to revive a sector which is crucial to growth and development? The Commission is aware of the situation presented by the Honourable Member regarding the significant economic downturn of the construction sector in Italy and other EU countries. Its Action Plan emphasises programmes, fiscal incentives, credit mechanisms and financial instruments for the renovation of existing buildings.

Following the approach taken for the period, European Structural and Investment ESI Funds will provide in the opportunity to support investments to promote energy efficiency, smart energy management and renewable energy use in public buildings and infrastructure.

ESI funds can also support investments to address specific risks and integrated actions to tackle environmental, climate, demographic and social challenges affecting urban areas. The specific criteria of intervention of the funds will be defined in Italy's Partnership Agreement and Operational Programmes. Late payments particularly affect the construction sector in some countries, including Italy. The Commission is currently in contact with the Italian authorities in order to verify compliance with the directive.

Should the national measures transposing the directive reveal non-compliance, or if the directive is being incorrectly applied, the Commission may take the necessary action including, where appropriate, infringement procedures. Will the Commission develop cross-cutting roadmaps that cover development in the energy sector, the transport sector and the ICT sector, as requested by Parliament in its own-initiative report adopted during the December part-session?

The Commission welcomes the EP own-initiative report. The Commission fully recognises the benefits of policy coordination but does not foresee such inter-sectoral roadmaps in its Work Planning. Already today, policy development and policy planning documents in all of the three fields mentioned take cross-sectoral developments fully into account. The very CARS process is already an example of a modern holistic policy making, where the Commission successfully brought together the interests of various stakeholders and significantly improved the coordination among Commission services.

In addition, regular meetings of the Competitiveness Group of Commissioners provided an effective forum in which all cross-cutting strategic questions were discussed with the participation of all relevant Commissioners. Finally, the Europe process provides the overall framework which foresees forward-looking and retrospective elements across many different areas.

Dezember Point 2. Komisia Prezident Obama predniesol What procedure may the Commission put in place in order to avoid a repetition of the recent situation, when there was wiretapping of political leaders, diplomats and several European institutions? On the same day the Commission informed about the outcome of the consultations conducted with the U.

The promotion of human rights and democracy in the world is one of our priorities. Annual reports facilitate our work in many ways because they provide a picture of whether our work has been successful and whether we have managed to achieve our objectives. By mapping the situation, we ascertain where our help is most needed. The EU Annual Report for tells us that we must continue our efforts. Violations of the principles of democracy and the rule of law and the suppression of human rights and fundamental freedoms are, unfortunately, still common occurrences in many countries around the world.

In this respect, it is crucial that we stand united. If we are to succeed, all European institutions and all Member States must have a common, strong approach. How does the Commission intend to contribute to the promotion of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the world in the near future?

The EU is highly dedicated to the promotion and protection of human rights and democracy worldwide and fully agrees that a common approach is necessary if we are to succeed in this endeavour. The EU has a unified strategic framework for this crucial policy area, endorsed by the Council and the EP. Focal points for human rights and democracy have been established in almost all EU delegations, responsible for working specifically with these issues in respective countries.

In , the Council adopted two new sets of guidelines in the field of human rights: EU Guidelines on the promotion and protection of freedom of religion or belief FORB , and Guidelines to promote and protect the enjoyment of all human rights by lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex LGBTI persons. Efforts to promote human rights and fundamental freedoms include developing local human rights country strategies in third countries, continually engage in human rights dialogues, produce public statements, and official procedures.

At the same time, the cultural and creative sectors — bearing in mind that they occupy a strategic position between the arts, businesses and technology — are a kind of catalyst for innovation in other sectors as well, such as information and communications technology, for example. The significance of culture cannot be therefore understood only in terms of its economic role. What steps does the Commission plan to take in the effort to support culture and the creative sectors in the Union, and at the same time to boost employment of people active in the area of culture and the arts?

The European Capitals of Culture initiative is a good example of this. Smart investment in culture remains important even in times of economic downturn. The actions of Member States are also complemented by a number of EU initiatives to support the emergence of creative ecosystems across sectors, focusing on five policy drivers: developing skills, improving access to finance, enlarging the marketplace for these sectors, expanding their international reach, and reinforcing links between different policies and sectors of economic activities.

Job security must be a precondition for a well functioning labour market. In other words, employees of temporary employment agencies should not have less favourable working conditions than employees in the user enterprise. That means that over half of the staff will be from temporary employment agencies. It is not for the Council to provide an interpretation on the implementation of the legal provisions of an EU directive nor on the actions of an individual company. Meist fehlt eine Krankenversicherung.

Diese wird sicherlich erneut auch besonders von den Roma genutzt werden, die in der Regel wenig gebildet und auf dem Arbeitsmarkt kaum vermittelbar sind. Und das muss dann auch entsprechend genutzt werden. Wir zahlen nicht zweimal. Sozialtourismus — verhindert werden soll?

Weitere Einzelheiten werden in der oben genannten Mitteilung dargelegt. There are many well-integrated people from Romania and Bulgaria who live in Germany. However, there are also many people from both of those countries who lived in very difficult conditions, and often poverty, in their homeland, and who are seeking better living conditions.

Another major problem is the lack of personal documents. The EU reportedly faces eight million people with no personal documentation. There is often no health insurance. These refugees from poverty live in a mixture of overcrowded housing, dilapidated properties and other temporary accommodation. As of , the full freedom of movement for workers will apply to Romania and Bulgaria — in other words, their citizens may take a job in any EU country.

Many of them apply for asylum, despite the fact that there are no grounds for so doing. The municipalities are complaining that some of the immigrants from these two EU countries only come to Germany in order to claim social security benefits. That is how that money must then be used. What deliberations are taking place at EU level in respect of all the people with no personal documents?

It also contains a range of robust safeguards to help Member States fight abuse and fraud. Further details are set out in the above communication. As regards the lack of personal documentation to which the Honourable Member refers, the Commission would like to recall that Member States are only obliged to grant EU citizens leave to enter their territory with a valid ID card or passport, and EU citizens have a right of residence in another EU Member State for a period of up to three months without any conditions or formalities other than the requirement to hold a valid ID card or passport.

This lack of information on chemical status and pollutants stands in the way of the public having an opinion on the subject. The presence of pollutants constitutes a serious risk to public health, and the lack of knowledge about these pollutants significantly increases such risks. The Blueprint states that full compliance with the pre-Water Framework Directive directives relating to the chemical status of water has not been achieved.

Although point sources of pollution have been reduced, diffuse pollution, primarily originating from agriculture, continues to increase, and can only be resolved through changes in agricultural management. Does the Commission believe that EU legislation should include provisions requiring that:. Standardised mandatory protocols be laid down for networks to monitor the chemical status of water based on the uses and functions of each body of water and the type and nature of pollutants in them?

The list of priority hazardous substances subject to strict timetables for gradual reduction and total banning, and prohibition on release, be extended? Compliance with the Water Framework Directive, together with the other directives on water quality, be expressly included in EU legislation in the conditionality mechanisms for any type of aid from the common agricultural policy?

Pursuant to the polluter pays principle, charges be applied for pollution caused by the use of fertilisers and pesticides? It be mandatory to provide buffer zones that are free from pesticides and fertilisers along watercourses? It specifies certain monitoring parameters and is complemented by guidance on how to focus monitoring. MS are required to report the chemical status of water bodies in their river basin management plans subject to public consultation. The Commission reviews the list of priority substances every six years.

In , 6 priority hazardous substances PHS were added to the list and 2 existing priority substances reclassified as PHS. The decision on their application is a task for MS. The WFD requires measures to be taken to mitigate pollution from diffuse sources. In both cases, the measures could include buffer zones. Water trading between individuals is carried out by users who, for various reasons, have stopped using the resource, and therefore transfer the rights to other users who are going to use it.

When a resource ceases to be used it remains in the water environment, and does environmental work, but if this water is transferred to another user it is subtracted from the natural water environment, ceasing to carry out its function and, therefore, trading of rights between individuals will always lead to an increase in consumption.

Trading of water rights between individuals is at odds with the principle that water is a public asset, so individuals who own a right, and not the resource itself, ought not to be able to sell it to third parties.

The creation of public water banks is only acceptable with the aim of water used for irrigation or industry being obtained to guarantee environmental flows and sufficient supply to populations, during periods of drought. Does the Commission believe that EU legislation should include provisions laying down that:.

Public water banks that are created operate solely during periods of drought, on a temporary basis, to acquire water used for irrigation or industry and to guarantee environmental flows and sufficient supply to populations, provided that the exchanges are carried out solely within a single water catchment area?

Member States may expropriate water rights when supply to populations or for environmental uses is jeopardised? The Water Blueprint highlighted that water trading could help to improve water efficiency and overcome water stress, if a sustainable overall cap for water use is implemented. The Blueprint proposed developing guidance to help the development of water trading in the Member States that choose to employ it.

To this end, a proper mechanism for water allocation to users is essential. However, water allocation and prioritisation between different users is a task for Member States' authorities. Does it think that significant budget headings ought to be provided at EU level for the greening of concrete channels and breakwaters and other existing grey infrastructure, without losing sight of the protective function provided by that infrastructure?

Natural flood risk management approaches e. GIs can be supported through EU funds provided Member States give adequate priority to this kind of investments in their programmes and plans. Increased efficiency in the use of irrigation can end up being counterproductive, because it often leads to an increase in the area irrigated or to more intensive crop-growing. In those basins or sub-basins where demand exceeds or is close to the supply of renewable water resources, an increase in the area irrigated not be permitted?

When the reference values laid down in the basin management plan for that crop in that area or region are exceeded, the price of water be increased progressively in such a way as to act as a disincentive and, at the same time, the price of water be reduced when consumption is below the reference values laid down?

Improved efficiency in the use of water for irrigation be accompanied by a proportionate decrease in allocations, and must under no circumstances lead to an increase in the area irrigated or to crops being grown more intensively? Plans to improve efficiency ensure that the quality of the water returned to the environment after being used is at least equal to the quality of the water taken from the headwaters of the irrigable zone? EU legislation provides for controls on the negative impacts irrigation can have on the status of waterbodies.

Where this is in relation to a net increase in irrigated area an environmental analysis is required, and where the water body is in less than good status, support for the investment is blocked in principle, with limited exceptions. Abstraction, diffuse and point source pollution are significant pressures that must be managed by Member States in their River Basin Management Plans to ensure the achievement of good status. To finance investments carried out under Rural Development priority 5, Member States are required to prove that cost recovery and incentive pricing are in place in the agricultural sector.

In other words, a new independent state would, by the fact of its independence, become a third country with respect to the Union and the treaties would, from the day of its independence, not apply anymore on its territory.

In any case, this would be subject to ratification by all Member States and the Applicant State. Can the President of the European Council clarify whether this also applies to Scotland? It is evident from the remarks quoted by the Honourable Member that they refer to all such situations.

Wat is de Commissie voornemens te doen — voordat het te laat is — om te voorkomen dat deze maatregel, die gericht is op het loslaten van de Franse cultuur, waarden en geschiedenis, die een belangrijk onderdeel vormen van de Europese waarden, wordt goedgekeurd en van kracht wordt? Het onderwerp van het onderzoeksverslag dat door het geachte Parlementslid is vermeld, valt buiten de werkingssfeer van het EU-recht.

What does the Commission intend to do in order to avoid the adoption and entry into force of this measure, aiming at the abandonment of French culture, values and history, which are an important part of European values, before it is too late? Intant, l-informazzjoni disponibbli hawnhekk aktarx tkun ta' interess:.

What action plan is being proposed by the national competent authorities to manage the levels of environmental noise generated by high volumes of traffic on the Triq il-Wied road so as to render them acceptable for a residential town?

Malta has also submitted the action plan summary foreseen by Art. Both the action plan and its summary report contain information on the public consultations organised. The Commission is participating in the revision process of the Noise Community Guidelines led by the WHO, with results expected by the end of These guidelines will provide a comprehensive overview on the potential effects of different noise levels on human health. Meanwhile, information available here may be of interest:. Una recente inchiesta dimostra come l'Italia fatichi ad applicare la Convenzione di Washington per il controllo del commercio degli animali e delle piante, in vigore nel nostro paese dal Dal ad oggi, la Forestale ha contato oltre reati di bracconaggio, denunciando persone, arrestandone 12 e dando il via a perquisizioni e oltre illeciti amministrativi.

Si va dalla Stenella striata al delfino italiano, dal pettirosso ai datteri di mare, agli scoiattoli, dal ghiro ai ricci di bosco bolliti vivi e poi fritti. Non ritiene di dover uniformare i controlli e le legislazioni in tema di bracconaggio e di bando del commercio degli animali protetti negli Stati membri?

A recent investigation has shown how Italy is struggling to apply the Washington Convention on trade in flora and fauna, in force in Italy since These figures give an idea of the scale of a widespread problem which affects every region of Italy.

The animals which are the victims are rare, protected or their hunting is simply prohibited, and yet they are illegally served as expensive dishes in certain restaurants. These victims include striped and common dolphins, robins, date mussels, squirrels, dormice and hedgehogs, the latter boiled alive and then fried. Can it confirm that all the Member States have signed the Washington Convention and invite any countries who have not to do so as soon as possible? Does it not believe that the controls and legislation concerning poaching and banning the trade in protected animals in the Member States should be standardised?

Member States are responsible for enforcing EU legislations related to wildlife e. The Commission works closely with the Member States to constantly strengthen the enforcement of those rules. Molti critici del Fiscal Compact sottolineano criticamente — con pervicace ostinazione — il fatto che esso sia un trattato internazionale e non un trattato dell'Unione europea, come se la sua natura giuridica fosse in un certo modo difforme da quella dei trattati europei.

In caso di conflitto d'interpretazione o di applicazione quale Corte si deve adire per ottenere giustizia? Esso ha tuttavia forti collegamenti con il diritto dell'Unione, fa riferimento a strumenti giuridici dell'UE e si basa in parte sul suo quadro istituzionale. A norma dell'articolo 16 del TSCG, sono adottate le misure necessarie per incorporare il contenuto del trattato nell'ordinamento giuridico dell'Unione europea. Many critics of the Fiscal Compact have stubbornly continued to highlight the fact that it is an international, rather than a European Union, treaty, as though its legal nature were in some way different from that of European Treaties.

Since it is an international treaty, it is subject to customary international laws on treaties as codified by the Vienna Convention of La direttiva Seveso III specifica inoltre che le potenziali cause prese in considerazione dovrebbero includere quelle naturali, ad esempio terremoti e inondazioni. Indeed, considering the geological structure of the subsoil, the affected area — heavily built-up and industrialised — is on an active fault line which, according to the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia Italian National Geophysics and Volcanology Institute , could trigger powerful earthquakes.

The Commission is not aware of the existence of the underground methane gas storage facility in the province of Treviso and related expansion plans. This implies that the operator of such a facility has to establish a safety report which should, inter alia , identify possible accident scenarios including a summary of potential causes.

Furthermore, in the case of modifications to the facility which could have significant repercussions on major-accident hazards, Member States must ensure that appropriate consultation procedures are set up to facilitate the implementation of major-accident prevention objectives in their land-use policies.

In the case at hand, it would be for the national competent authorities to take a decision that is duly motivated and based on the results of appropriate consultations. Il decreto legislativo n. Le norme nazionali che regolano tali operazioni possono nondimeno esser tenute al rispetto dei principi del diritto unionale, in particolare per quanto riguarda la trasparenza e la non discriminazione.

Alla luce di quanto sopra, la Commissione non ravvisa ragioni per monitorare tale situazione e fornirne un quadro generale. This condition has been breached over time, since compulsory contributions have been deemed an indirect form of public funding. The bodies in question have been privatised only with regard to their management, but not their purposes, which remain public, as stipulated by the aforementioned decree.

Indeed, the sales prices applied to disposals of privatised bodies are much higher than those of public bodies, with completely different procedures, thus resulting in unequal treatment between tenants of public bodies and tenants of public bodies which are subsequently privatised. It should also be taken into account that, for both types of entities, the property assets were acquired almost exclusively when both were public entities. This situation also seems to contravene the principles of transparency, economy and fairness of the financial valuation.

The Honourable Member refers to rules under Italian law regulating the procedures for the sale or lease of property assets owned by social security bodies. Such contracts are having as their object the execution of works, the supply of products or the provisions of services by one or more economic operators for one or more public authorities.

In the light of the above, the Commission does not see reasons for monitoring this situation and providing an overview thereof. La multinacional australiana Berkeley Resources Ltd. Given the serious effects that what would be the only uranium mining operation in all of Europe would have for the environment and health, the United Left has opposed the project, alerting institutions that there are already Nuclear Safety Council studies showing that uranium mining has serious consequences for the health of people living nearby.

Following an agreement between the National Uranium Company and the Australian multinational for the exploitation of several uranium deposits in the area and the issuing of one of the two necessary permits by the Nuclear Safety Council, the Council is refusing to issue the second permit and Enusa has backtracked, as it is of the opinion that the final project presented by Berkeley contains serious failings such as not considering waste from the site to be radioactive and the absence of any radiological assessment.

The Commission has recently been made aware of this matter. It is following the issue closely and will decide on the appropriate course of action to ensure the project is compatible with EU environmental Law. As part of this procedure, the Commission will discuss with the investor all aspects of the projects which relate to the objectives of the Euratom Treaty, including aspects relating to the protection of the general public against the dangers arising from ionizing radiation.

Betrifft: Umsetzung der Vogelschutzrichtlinie in der EU. Die Vogelschutzrichtlinie selbst haben die Mitgliedstaaten jedoch korrekt umgesetzt. Ist die Antwort unbefriedigend, kann sie ein Vertragsverletzungsverfahren einleiten. What information does the Commission have on the continued killing of birds in EU Member States using these prohibited methods?

What steps is it taking to ensure that the Birds Directive is fully transposed and complied with by all EU Member States? The Commission is aware of the persistence of illegal killing or trapping of birds in some Member States. Where illegal killing or trapping of birds persists in some Member States, the Commission investigates with the national authorities the effectiveness of the measures taken to combat these practices.

Although enforcement lies primarily with Member States, when a possible breach of the Birds Directive has been identified, the Commission can ask questions to the concerned Member State. If the reply is unsatisfactory, an infringement procedure can be opened. In , for example, the high US demand for maize for ethanol increased the price of maize to such an extent that many Mexicans could no longer afford their flatbread.

This, in turn, would reduce the price of food. To what extent are there plans in this regard to cap, and later to end, subsidies for biofuels? In that same proposal, the Commission presented its view that food-based biofuels should not receive public support after The focus of policy development should be on improving the efficiency of the transport system, further development and deployment of electric vehicles, second and third generation biofuels and other alternative, sustainable fuels as part of a more holistic and integrated approach.

This is outrageous. Its policy and internal rules have been regularly reviewed and updated. Furthermore, the European Court of Auditors reported in that EFSA has one of the most developed systems for detecting and managing conflicts of interest. Could the Commission accordingly draw up a clear schedule of fast-track measures and, within its remit, use its right of initiative, notably by drawing up guidelines, in order to coordinate and build on action by Member States and firms to ensure decent standards of living for EU citizens and to consolidate EU industries, focusing on economic and employment growth and market recovery?

The Commission fully recognises the benefits of policy coordination. It has shown to be an effective tool that has significantly improved the coordination among Commission services and stakeholders. In order to limit market interferences, the Commission has deemed appropriate to use, for a number of areas, a self-regulatory approach where all parties agree upon common principles and modes of cooperation; it has made an important effort to achieve a consensus amongst stakeholders.

This approach could change if any meaningful progress would not be registered in due time, e. Chandler G. Personal views on the future of entrepreneurship education. Birley Qualitative research methods and epistemological frameworks: A review of publication trends in entrepreneurship. Journal of Small Business Management , 52 4 , Hindle K. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice 28 6: Hindle D. Rent conference , November 14, Toledo, Spain. Huse M. International Studies of Management and Organization 27 3: Klag, M.

Approaching the conceptual leap in qualitative research. International Journal of Management Reviews , 15 2 , Miles, M. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage. Kuruvilla, S. ILR Review , 62 1 , Mullen M. Budeva, and P. Journal of Small Business Management 47 3: Neergaard, H. Handbook of qualitative research methods in entrepreneurship. Patton, M.

Romme, A. Entrepreneurship at the interface of design and science: Toward an inclusive framework. Has there ever been greater interest in business creation? From policymakers to business communities, up to the general public person, business creation is increasingly at the top of mind. For example, business creation occupies an increasingly important place in the educational ecosystem, in particular in the higher education sector. Universities and Business Schools provide students with numerous and varied entrepreneurship courses and other promotion actions.

This movement is accompanied by a greater investment in business creation supporting structures like incubators and accelerators. Its mission is to encourage students willing to create their own business within higher education institutions by granting them the National Student Entrepreneur Status SNEE. The plan aims to facilitate and encourage the experience of business start-ups and takeovers among students and young graduates.

Business dynamism shows a similar decline. Interest and intent are rising but action is not? This call for papers CFP directly addresses this conundrum with a particular focus on the potential role of entrepreneurial education and training. We invite scholars and educators to help us understand how intent becomes action and how educators and policymakers can address that. Student entrepreneurship is receiving increasing attention in the world of practitioners and research Marchand and Hermens, Research and entrepreneurial pedagogy are closely linked Maalaoui et al.

Intention models are predictive Krueger, They aim at understanding individual but also collective Shepherd and Krueger, attitudes towards business creation. Researches on entrepreneurial intentions are numerous Krueger and Carsrud, ; Krueger et al. Recent works have addressed the now famous intention-action gap, through notions such as implementation intention Krueger, , Van Gelderen et al. However, so far, little empirical research integrates such constructs to extend the original model of intention.

Starting a business is a long and complex process, involving multiple activities Carter et al. It requires the entrepreneur to be fully engaged and focused on pursuing his or her goals. For a student at the end of his or her studies or a recent graduate, entrepreneurial experience can constitute a first brick in the construction of a professional career, but also a learning process, in continuity with the academic training they have received.

Therefore, it is crucial to understand what leads these student-entrepreneurs to persevere in their efforts and to actually create their business. Studying how this subpopulation of nascent entrepreneurs translate their entrepreneurial intention into concrete action can thus help us better understand the entrepreneurial process. The purpose of this special issue is to explore the gap between intention and action among students. We would like, in particular, to shed a new light on the models of cognitive psychology that would explain their enactment.

The field of investigation of this file thus covers the study of student entrepreneurship in all its dimensions, but also the psychological and cognitive determinants of the latter. This non-exhaustive list can be enriched with contributions addressing the topic through other disciplines.

The articles must comply with the requirements of the Entrepreneurship Journal. The article proposals are to be sent to: Jean-Pierre Boissin: jean-pierre. Ajzen I. Boissin, J. Branchet, B. Modeling entrepreneurship intentions: an essay of typology. Krueger, N. The cognitive psychology of entrepreneurship. Springer, Boston, MA. Entrepreneurial intentions are dead: Long live entrepreneurial intentions. Springer, Cham. Krueger Jr, N.

Competing models of entrepreneurial intentions. Entrepreneurial intentions: applying the theory of planned behaviour. Tornikoski, E. Critical Reflections. Exploring the Theory of Planned Behavior. Maalaoui, A. Nabi, G. The impact of entrepreneurship education in higher education: A systematic review and research agenda.

Shepherd, D. Van Gelderen, M. Implementation intentions in the entrepreneurial process: concept, empirical findings, and research agenda. Aigouy C. Breu, K. Workforce agility: The new employee strategy for the knowledge economy. Journal of Information Technology , vol. Dyer, L. From human resource strategy to organizational effectiveness: Lessons from research on organizational agility.

Wright, L. Dyer, J. Milkovich, Strategic human resource management in the 21st century, Research in Personnel and Human Resource Management, Supplement 4 p. Getz, I. California Management Review , vol. Getz I. Paris :Fayard. Gilbert, P. Goldman, S. Management, technology and agility: The emergence of a new era in manufacturing, International Journal of Technology Management , Vol. Henry, B. Holtz, T. Le cahier des RPS , vol.

De ce fait, peu de chercheur e s orientent encore leurs recherches en ce sens. Responsible entrepreneurship: outlining the contingencies. Early Cite. Promoting sustainable development: The role of entrepreneurship education. International Small Business Journal , 31 8 , Obrecht, J.

International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business , 29 1 , Responsible Entrepreneurship Education. Emerging Research and Opportunities. Hershey : IGI Global. Developing a capstone course on ecological and social sustainability in business education. Business Horizons , 61 6 , Pepin, M. Document de travail Facilitating work performance of sustainability-driven entrepreneurs through higher education: The relevance of competencies, values, worldviews and opportunities.

The International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation. Online First, February, 8, Van Der Yeught, C. Sustainable development and entrepreneurship: Past contributions and future directions. Journal of Business Venturing , 25 5 , Patzelt, H.

Recognizing Opportunities for Sustainable Development. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice , 35 4 , PRME: Building a global movement on responsible management education. International Journal of Management Education , 15 2 , Storey, M. Responsible management education: Mapping the field in the context of the SDGs. Tiba, S. Firms with benefits: A systematic review of responsible entrepreneurship and corporate social responsibility literature.

Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management. Early View. A literature and practice review to develop sustainable business model archetypes. Journal of Cleaner Production , 65 , Hoveskog, M. Education for sustainable development: Business modelling for flourishing. Journal of Cleaner Production , , Upward, A. An ontology for strongly sustainable business models: Defining an enterprise framework compatible with natural and social science.

Governance of sustainable innovation: Moving beyond the hierarchy-market-network trichotomy? Guest Editors : P. However, to date, the empirical studies that have been conducted so far cannot conclusively establish HRM practices do drive innovation. Indeed, the combinations of mobilized HRM practices differ from one organisation to another, but this does not for all that prevent them from innovating.

In this sense, the adoption of an approach focused solely on HRM practices seems questionable and reductive. While the literature on innovation determinants tends to view innovation as a single-stage phenomenon, some factors are likely to operate differently from one phase of innovation to another. As a result, managers are faced with this issue: how to organize their HRM when they wish to foster innovation within their organization? What organizational design should be implemented?

Curado, C. Creativity and Innovation Management, 27 1 , Laursen, K. Human resource management practices and innovation. Handbook of innovation management, Seeck, H. A literature review on HRM and innovation—taking stock and future directions. Shipton, H. HRM and innovation: looking across levels. Human Resource Management Journal, 27 2 , Strobel, N. International Journal of Innovation Management, 21 03 , Milan, Italy tommaso. This special issue calls for the submission of conceptual and empirical studies that tackle the specificities presented by digital platforms.

We seek contributions that offer insights into process, organizational, individual, network or technological level on how platform-based digital businesses transform the theories, models and managerial practices.

And why is this happening today in one industry after another? The answer is the power of the platform —a new business model that uses technology to connect people, organizations, and resources in an interactive ecosystem in which amazing amounts of value can be created and exchanged.

This quote refers to companies such as Uber, AirBnb, BlaBlaCar that over the last years had a significant impact on the market. Those digital platforms are challenging established companies and approach a market with different business models, marketing philosophy, and supply chain configuration, all of which challenges decades of management research.

Yet, the business configuration behind these companies has a long history in the economic literature known as two-sided platforms. In other words, these businesses act as match-makers between two or more different but interconnected groups of customers: travelers and hosts for Airbnb or riders and drivers for Uber, creating indirect network effects Katz and Shapiro, The peculiarities of this market structure have been investigated over the last two decades in the economic literature.

In particular, specific attention has been devoted to the pricing mechanisms and the role of the network externalities Rochet and Tirole, ; Parker and Van Alstyne, The more recent literature highlights how the resource configuration behind these businesses is significantly different from the companies based on linear value chains Amit and Zott, or how the development process can be particularly challenging Perks et al.

Furthermore, these companies need to design and manage complex business models based on a double value proposition Muzellec et al. Two-sided platforms have also been used to describe a wide array of situations, being flexible to numerous configurations Tauscher and Laudien, — for example having end users on both sides, or having consumers on one side and businesses on the other.

The same structure has also been used to unveil the opportunities of digital services, opening new avenues to foster business model innovation Trabucchi et al. In particular, this call for papers aims to explore and exploit the opportunities related to multi-sided platforms, which are being boosted by digital technologies such as mobile apps or the blockchain and cultural trends such as sharing or gig economy.

Indeed, there is the need for rigorous and theoretically relevant research, being also practice based, in order to enhance the knowledge for all the players scholars, practitioners, policy makers involved in this innovative business models. Therefore, this call for papers aims to enlarge the discussion on the topic from a managerial perspective, embracing mainly an innovation perspective, to dig into the distinctiveness of multi-sided digital platforms.

In this special issue, we welcome both conceptual and empirical studies, using a wide variety of methods. Possible topics include, but are not limited to:. For any further information, please visit the Journal website or contact the special issue guest editors. Amit, R. Crafting business architecture: The antecedents of business model design. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal , 9 4 , Katz, M. Network externalities, competition, and compatibility.

The American Economic Review , 75 3 , Muzellec, L. Two-sided internet platforms: A business model lifecycle perspective. Industrial Marketing Management , 45 , Parker, G. Two-sided network effects: A theory of information product design.

Management Science , 51 10 , Platform revolution: How networked markets are transforming the economy and how to make them work for you. WW Norton. Parmentier, G. Managing sustainable innovation with a user community toolkit: The case of the video game Trackmania.

Creativity and Innovation Management , 22 2 , Perks, H. Network orchestration for value platform development. Industrial Marketing Management , 67 , Richter, C. Digital entrepreneurship: Innovative business models for the sharing economy. Creativity and Innovation Management , 26 3 , Rochet, J. Rysman, M. The economics of two-sided markets. Journal of Economic Perspectives , 23 3 , Stummer, C.

Platform launch strategies. Understanding platform business models: A mixed methods study of marketplaces. European Management Journal , 36 3 , Trabucchi, D. Give away your digital services: Leveraging big data to capture value. Research-Technology Management , 60 2 , Exploring the inbound and outbound strategies enabled by user generated big data: Evidence from leading smartphone applications. Creativity and Innovation Management , 27 1 , Wang, K.

Crowdsourced idea generation: The effect of exposure to an original idea. Creativity and Innovation Management , 27 2 , Dupuy, F. Paris : Seuil. Milkovich Strategic human resource management in the 21st century, Research in Personnel and Human Resource Management, Supplement 4 p. Jacquinot, P. Kalika M. Maddison, A.

Shafer, R. Creating organizational agility: The human resource dimension. Unpublished Ph. Crafting a human resources strategy to foster organizational agility: A case study. Human Resource Management , Vol. Relief , vol 45, p. Vandermissen, V. Van Oyen, M. S, Hopp, W. J Performance opportunity for workforce agility in collaborative and noncollaborative work system. IIE Transactions , Vol.

Pour bien comprendre les dynasties familiales, il faut prendre en compte le droit de la famille Les propositions traiteront, entre autres, des sujets suivants :. The adolescence of family firm research taking stock and planning for the future.

Journal of Management, 38 4 : — The practice-driven evolution of family business education. Journal of Business Research, 60 10 , 4 Aldrich, H. Management international, 14 1 , 5 Chua, J. Defining the family business by behavior. Entrepreneurship theory and practice, 23 4 , Vers une approche contingente des entreprises familiales. Bettinelli, C. Researching Entrepreneurship in Family Firms. Journal of Small Business Management, 55 4 , Chabaud, D. Paris, Dunod, Radu-Lefebvre, M..

Futures, 75, Family entrepreneurship as a field of research: Exploring its contours and contents. Journal of Family Business Strategy, 6 3 , Randerson, K. The futures of family business: family entrepreneurship. Futures, 75 , Law in the development of dynastic families among American business elites: The domestication of capital and the capitalization of family. Family Business Review, 4 1 , In search of future alternatives for family business: Family law contributions through Civil and Common Law comparison.

Jaskiewicz, P. Entrepreneurial legacy: Toward a theory of how some family firms nurture transgenerational entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Venturing, 30 1 , If you think about entrepreneurship, which picture comes to your mind? Whom would you call an entrepreneur?

What characterizes that person? What characterizes the company? The variety of answers on that might be as multifaceted as the number of people wondering about it. Here the term diversity is not just a synonym for heterogeneity, variety or multiplicity.

They address largely stable demographic dimensions such as gender, age, migration and physical ability; external, changeable dimensions such as income, work experience and personal habits; and organisational dimensions such as work location, management status and seniority Gardenswartz and Rowe Based on these and other diversity categories, researchers investigate teams, companies, institutions and all kinds of other groups.

Many of these facets, especially demographic dimensions, have been investigated in recent research, for instance gender Frigotto and Della Nives, ; Kanze et al. Surprisingly, entrepreneurship research has not yet tried to explore facets of entrepreneurial diversity in a holistic conceptual way.

Existing sociological diversity concepts have not yet been adapted to the entrepreneurship research context, and diversity-related levels of analysis are not yet defined clearly in this regard. In order to capture the uniqueness of each entrepreneurial situation, we agree with Welter et al. Against this background, this special issue will address the aforementioned research gap, and aims to look at conceptual framings as well as different facets of entrepreneurial diversity.

In doing so, it aims to serve as a basis of discussion for future research into entrepreneurial diversity. Furthermore, it will help in making research concerning entrepreneurial diversity relevant to other scientific, political and societal diversity discussions. We welcome high-quality manuscripts looking at entrepreneurial diversity from different perspectives — either globally or in different facets of diversity.

Manuscripts can be international in scope or can look at domestic issues with global relevance. Conceptual and empirical papers, from different analytical and methodological perspectives can be submitted. We welcome theoretical, qualitative, quantitative and mixed-method papers.

Together, the papers should build a body of high-quality, cumulative research that recapitulates and extends our current knowledge concerning entrepreneurial diversity. What aspects do we need to consider when we talk about entrepreneurial diversity? How does conceptualising entrepreneurial diversity bring our research field forward?

How can we better connect entrepreneurship research to current societal and political debates about diversity? Are there frameworks within other disciplines for example human resource management we can build on? Does, and if so how, does taking sociological diversity concepts into account help to understand and explain entrepreneurial diversity?

How can we adequately investigate and measure entrepreneurial diversity? How are single categories positioned within the framing of diversity? How is research about entrepreneurial diversity influenced through the internationality of our research community? How does the relevance of different diversity categories differ between contexts? How does research about intersectionality feed into entrepreneurship research? How can an acceptance of difference be reached in different diversity categories?

Which role does the specific context play? Conference papers may only be submitted if the paper has been completely re-written and if appropriate written permissions have been obtained from any copyright holders of the original paper. Academy of Management Perspectives 32 2 : — Etemad H Advances and challenges in the evolving field of international entrepreneurship: The case of migrant and diaspora entrepreneurs.

Journal of International Entrepreneurship 16 2 : — Frigotto ML and Della Nives V Gender and the structuring of the entrepreneurial venture: an effectuation approach. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Venturing 10 4 : — Academy of Management Review 10 4 : — Academy of Management Journal 61 2 : — Marlow S and Martinez Dy A Annual review article: Is it time to rethink the gender agenda in entrepreneurship research? International Small Business Journal 35 1 : 3— Spiegler AB and Halberstadt J SHEstainability: how relationship networks influence the idea generation in opportunity recognition process by female social entrepreneurs.

International Journal of Entrepreneurial Venturing 10 2 : — Tegtmeier S and Kurczewska A Business entry and window of opportunity — empirical results for women entrepreneurs with graduate degree. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Venturing 9 1 : 41— This SI aims at better understand the elderly through the theory of aging and by considering different areas of research, such as gerontology, economic, entrepreneurship, HRM and psycho-sociology. The importance of aging process in maintaining life satisfaction and well-being during the lifespan made it a subject of interest for individuals and different actors such as companies and public services.

The mentioned process differs from one individual to another and is associated with both objective physical degradation, the decline in perceptual and memory performance and subjective a person perception of his own aging factors Fontaine, Hence, in the senior segmentation, considering objective variables such as age or income is as important as considering subjective variables such as the perceived aging experience Guiot, As individuals become older, they face social, physical and cognitive difficulties that may affect their attitudes and behaviors Greco, , Schewe, , Ostroff, Social changes in the elderly, like becoming grandparents, losing some social roles and trying to find the new ones, are particularly important as older individuals have to adapt them Tamaro-Hans, Physical disorders which include the loss of sensorial abilities Vanhamme, are also some other consequences of becoming old.

Cognitive disorders cause decreasing intellectual capabilities Mishara and Riedel, ; De Ladoucette, , concentration or attention problems Van der Linden, ; Boujon, as well as memorizing and retrieval information problems Mishara and Riedel, These changes may have a great impact on information processing, such as the way the older individuals process any environmental stimulus Moschis, One of the major concerns caused by an aging population is the question of whether the working population will be productive enough to maintain economic growth as well as the serious impacts on workplaces.

While striving to maintain a skilled and productive workforce, organizations and governments must face the challenges posed by an ageing generation, find diversified and innovative solutions Wisse et al. The end-of-career trajectories of both men and women remain unpredictable, often uncertain and deserve attention.

Entrepreneurship literature suggests that the more aged people are, the less motivated they are in setting up a new business. Seniors have less appetite to engage in entrepreneurial activities Curran and Blackburn, ; Hart et al. Moreover, whether consciously or unconsciously, aging is mainly associated with the perspective of death Routledge and Arndt, As the people grow older, the time is shrinking for them and is perceived as being limited. This aspect of the aging experience may lead to different motivations and behaviors which the older individuals imply in the rest of their life.

Aging theories and topics of interest Several theories have been developed by the psychology and gerontology to explain the motivations and behaviors of elderly. In this perspective, entrepreneurship can be seen as a means to overcome social, cognitive and physical changes. This SI aims at better understand the elderly through the theory of aging by considering different areas of research, such as entrepreneurship, gerontology and psycho-sociology…etc.

Atchley, R. Atchley R. Kelly, Newbury Park, Sage Publications, Austad S. Baltes P. Human strengths as the orchestration of wisdom and selective optimization with compensation. Staudinger Eds. Carstensen, L. Socioemotional selectivity theory and the regulation of emotion in the second half of life. Motivation and emotion, 27 2 , Curran, J. Older people and the enterprise society: Age and self-employment propensities.

Erikson E. The life cycle completed: A review. New York: W. W Norton. Greco A. Hart J. Kautonen, T. Entrepreneurial intentions in the third age: the impact of perceived age norms. Small business economics, 37 2 , Kim, S.

Working in retirement: The antecedents of bridge employment and its consequences for quality of life in retirement. Academy of management Journal, 43 6 , Levesque, M. The effect of aging on entrepreneurial behavior. Journal of Business Venturing, 21 2 , An exploratory study of seniorpreneurs: a new model of entrepreneurial intentions in the French context. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 20 2 , McAdams D. Moschis G. Ostroff J. Prentice Hall, p. Rabl, T.

Journal of Business Ethics, 3 , Routledge and Arndt , Time and Terror: Managing temporal consciousness and the awareness of mortality. Joireman Eds. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. Saba, T. Schewe C. Smith, R. Consumer Soclalization of the Elderly: an Exploratory Study. Vanhamme, J. Journal of Business Ethics, For more information, please feel free to contact: Adnane Maalaoui a.

This form of governance allows the family to exert decision-making influence and control in the firm, while also pursuing actions that are for the good of the family Carney, Although this governance form allows the family to exert control over the firm, the goals of the family and firm are not always aligned, and, in fact, can be quite divergent. Thus, for both the business and the family to succeed, responsible decision-making and responsible actions are paramount.

Although studies are beginning to examine the effect of responsible ownership on family firm assets and outcomes e. Further, while researchers are beginning to examine the various pathways used by families to instill responsible ownership in the future generation, these processes, intentions, and norms vary greatly across geographical and cultural contexts e.

In all, given the nascent nature of insights and the growing importance of responsible governance, a special issue on responsible ownership promises to offers a substantial advancement to the field of family business. The objective of this special issue is to publish theoretical and empirical work that highlights notable progress and furthers understanding of responsible ownership in the family firm.

A non-exhaustive list of possible topics includes:. Submission Guidelines : All submissions are subject to a standard double-blind review process. Manuscripts must be original, unpublished works not concurrently under review for publication at another outlet and are expected to follow the standard formatting guidelines for Journal of Family Business Management. Publication of this Special Issue is expected for The deadline for submitting conference abstracts is January 21, Please note that acceptance to the workshop does not guarantee nor is it required for acceptance to the special issue.

How can responsible family ownership be sustained across generations? A family social capital approach. Journal of Business Ethics. DOI Bergamaschi, M. The futures of family businesses and the development of corporate social responsibility.

Futures , 75, Carney, M. Corporate governance and competitive advantage in family-controlled firms. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice , 29 3 , — Berent-Braun, M. Family governance practices and teambuilding: Paradox of the enterprising family. Small Business Economics , 38 1 , Daspit, J. Governance as a source of family firm heterogeneity. Journal of Business Research , 84, The next generation: Pathways for preparing and involving new owners in Colombian family businesses.

Sharma, N. Auletta, R. DeWitt, M. Yusof Eds. Northhampton, MA: Edward Elgar. Lambrecht, J. Responsible ownership of the family business: State-of-the-art, position paper prepared for FBN-. Uhlaner, L. Ownership commitment, family ownership and performance in the privately-held firm, Small Business Economics Journal , 29 3 , Good news! The Entrepreneurship as Practice Conference Organizing Committee has decided to extend the deadline of abstract submission to the 4 th EAP Conference, which will take place from April The new deadline is now on 15 December Call for papers — research handbook — Entrepreneurship as Practice.

Pour bien comprendre les dynasties familiales, il faut prendre en compte le droit de la famille8. Journal of Management , 38 4 : — Journal of Business Research , 60 10 , Journal of business venturing , 18 5 , Management international , 14 1 , Entrepreneurship theory and practice , 23 4 , Journal of Small Business Management , 55 4 , Paris, Dunod, Futures , 75 , Journal of Family Business Strategy , 6 3 , Family Business Review , 4 1 , Journal of Business Venturing , 30 1 , In quest of legitimacy: The theoretical and methodological foundations of entrepreneurship education research.

International Small Business Journal , 34 7 , — Valerio, A. The World Bank. European Commission, a. Reigniting the entrepreneurial spirit in Europe. COM final. Entrepreneuriat-2e ed. Neck, H. Journal of Small Business Management , 49 1 , 55— Verzat, C. Financial Times : Do you have any advice to young would-be Entrepreneurs who want to emulate your success? Over the years, the teaching of entrepreneurship has developed into a branch of research, namely, entrepreneurship education EE , the interest of which is to understand what, how and to whom entrepreneurship should be taught e.

Consequently, and as Fayolle states, EE needs more robust theoretical and philosophical foundations that draw on both entrepreneurship and education fields to support the development of effective courses and programmes, and to distinguish between those that are, and those that are not.

For instance, the literature in EE often describes the structure and content of entrepreneurship courses and programmes but fails to appropriately question their philosophical and methodological foundations, which might be important if we were to better understand the essence of entrepreneurship Johannisson, Another important concern is the vagueness of EE goals Hoppe, , and, in some cases, its disconnect with larger social forces, such as inequality.

This concern concurs with the inherent difficulty of developing effective EE programmes along with the assessment of its results. Consequently, we wish to ask a broad question: how should the field develop to tackle these drawbacks and to increase its relevance and impact from a theoretical and practical perspective? Here, we invite scholars to highlight the taken-for-granted assumptions that beset the field of EE , and to reflect on how to break away from them and move this field forward.

The principal aim of this reflection is to offer new propositions and perspectives that challenge the previous ones, and bring more texture and nuance to the field of EE. In this vein, we would like to open a debate around the major shortcomings of EE and open the space for new questions, new solutions and new research paths to be developed.

To this end, we call for papers that embrace a critical approach in discussing their perspectives. By following previous critical approaches in entrepreneurship e. Without limiting the creative insights of those authors who wish to participate in this debate, we highlight three areas that bring together possible ideas to guide scholars to identify and address the assumptions that have been taken for granted in EE: Newness, Diversity and Ethics.

New ideas have an important role in scientific progress Kuhn, ; they might challenge previous positions and open paths for new questions. In this call for papers, Newness is intended as the fact of not having existed before and includes questions that reflect on what represents innovation for EE. The questions are intended to highlight issues that require a deeper consideration in this field. Examples of these questions are as follows:.

We claim that Diversity, intended as a range of many people or things that are very different from each other, is a peculiarity of EE. The field stems from and merges together two different scientific domains, namely, education and entrepreneurship. While this variety might be a source of richness for new ideas to arise, it might also prevent the process of defining EE objectives and impacts. In this call for papers, Diversity is meant to cover questions that try to address the complexity of EE, to recompose the fragmented puzzle and to make its multiple dimensions more understandable:.

Ethics, intended as moral principles or rules of behaviour, becomes a central issue in EE. The potential impact of these policies should call scholars to reflect on the influence of their research that is thought to enlighten the political agenda. In this call for papers, Ethics embraces all those questions that reflect on the implications and consequences of EE programmes in relation to their pedagogical approaches, evaluation methods, goals and so on.

Possible questions are as follows:. Authors are requested to try to connect these three areas to present an original contribution to the field of EE. Both theoretical and empirical contributions are welcomed. This call for papers is divided into two parts: an earlier one for a developmental conference, and a second one for the Dialogue itself. Initially, we are inviting scholars to submit manuscripts that are finalized or relatively advanced.

Each contribution will be evaluated through a double-blind review process but using a developmental lens: the objective of this initial review is to facilitate the Academic conversation around the theme, and help authors develop their manuscripts. This conference is developmental in nature, and seeks to ensure that a robust, high-quality academic dialogue emerges among participants around a common conversation.

Authors will be invited to present their manuscript and will receive feedback for development. After the conference, the best contributions a maximum of six will be invited for inclusion in the Dialogue Section of the Journal of Management Inquiry. Bae, T. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 38 2 , The institutionalization of entrepreneurship: Questioning the status quo and re-gaining hope for entrepreneurship research.

International Small Business Journal , 34 7 , Fiet, J. The pedagogical side of entrepreneurship theory. Journal of Business Venturing, 16 2 , Frank, H. What makes entrepreneurship research interesting? Reflections on strategies to overcome the rigour—relevance gap. Honig, B. Entrepreneurship education: Toward a model of contingency-based business planning. Hoppe, M. Policy and entrepreneurship education. Small Business Economics, 46 1 , Limits to and prospects of entrepreneurship education in the academic context.

Katz, J. The chronology and intellectual trajectory of American entrepreneurship education: — Journal of Business Venturing, 18 2 , Fully mature but not fully legitimate: A different perspective on the state of entrepreneurship education. Journal of Small Business Management, 46 4 , Proposal for two model undergraduate curricula in entrepreneurship. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 12 2 , Kuhn, T.

The structure of scientific revolutions Second Edition. Chicago: University Press of Chicago. Kuratko, D. The emergence of entrepreneurship education: Development, trends, and challenges. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 29 5 , Lindh, I. Entrepreneurship education: The role of local business.

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Early Cite. Promoting sustainable development: The role of entrepreneurship education. International Small Business Journal , 31 8 , Obrecht, J. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business , 29 1 , Responsible Entrepreneurship Education. Emerging Research and Opportunities. Hershey : IGI Global. Developing a capstone course on ecological and social sustainability in business education. Business Horizons , 61 6 , Pepin, M. Document de travail Facilitating work performance of sustainability-driven entrepreneurs through higher education: The relevance of competencies, values, worldviews and opportunities.

The International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation. Online First, February, 8, Van Der Yeught, C. Sustainable development and entrepreneurship: Past contributions and future directions. Journal of Business Venturing , 25 5 , Patzelt, H. Recognizing Opportunities for Sustainable Development. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice , 35 4 , PRME: Building a global movement on responsible management education. International Journal of Management Education , 15 2 , Storey, M.

Responsible management education: Mapping the field in the context of the SDGs. Tiba, S. Firms with benefits: A systematic review of responsible entrepreneurship and corporate social responsibility literature. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management. Early View. A literature and practice review to develop sustainable business model archetypes. Journal of Cleaner Production , 65 , Hoveskog, M.

Education for sustainable development: Business modelling for flourishing. Journal of Cleaner Production , , Upward, A. An ontology for strongly sustainable business models: Defining an enterprise framework compatible with natural and social science. Governance of sustainable innovation: Moving beyond the hierarchy-market-network trichotomy?

Guest Editors : P. However, to date, the empirical studies that have been conducted so far cannot conclusively establish HRM practices do drive innovation. Indeed, the combinations of mobilized HRM practices differ from one organisation to another, but this does not for all that prevent them from innovating.

In this sense, the adoption of an approach focused solely on HRM practices seems questionable and reductive. While the literature on innovation determinants tends to view innovation as a single-stage phenomenon, some factors are likely to operate differently from one phase of innovation to another. As a result, managers are faced with this issue: how to organize their HRM when they wish to foster innovation within their organization?

What organizational design should be implemented? Curado, C. Creativity and Innovation Management, 27 1 , Laursen, K. Human resource management practices and innovation. Handbook of innovation management, Seeck, H. A literature review on HRM and innovation—taking stock and future directions.

Shipton, H. HRM and innovation: looking across levels. Human Resource Management Journal, 27 2 , Strobel, N. International Journal of Innovation Management, 21 03 , Milan, Italy tommaso. This special issue calls for the submission of conceptual and empirical studies that tackle the specificities presented by digital platforms.

We seek contributions that offer insights into process, organizational, individual, network or technological level on how platform-based digital businesses transform the theories, models and managerial practices. And why is this happening today in one industry after another? The answer is the power of the platform —a new business model that uses technology to connect people, organizations, and resources in an interactive ecosystem in which amazing amounts of value can be created and exchanged.

This quote refers to companies such as Uber, AirBnb, BlaBlaCar that over the last years had a significant impact on the market. Those digital platforms are challenging established companies and approach a market with different business models, marketing philosophy, and supply chain configuration, all of which challenges decades of management research.

Yet, the business configuration behind these companies has a long history in the economic literature known as two-sided platforms. In other words, these businesses act as match-makers between two or more different but interconnected groups of customers: travelers and hosts for Airbnb or riders and drivers for Uber, creating indirect network effects Katz and Shapiro, The peculiarities of this market structure have been investigated over the last two decades in the economic literature.

In particular, specific attention has been devoted to the pricing mechanisms and the role of the network externalities Rochet and Tirole, ; Parker and Van Alstyne, The more recent literature highlights how the resource configuration behind these businesses is significantly different from the companies based on linear value chains Amit and Zott, or how the development process can be particularly challenging Perks et al. Furthermore, these companies need to design and manage complex business models based on a double value proposition Muzellec et al.

Two-sided platforms have also been used to describe a wide array of situations, being flexible to numerous configurations Tauscher and Laudien, — for example having end users on both sides, or having consumers on one side and businesses on the other. The same structure has also been used to unveil the opportunities of digital services, opening new avenues to foster business model innovation Trabucchi et al.

In particular, this call for papers aims to explore and exploit the opportunities related to multi-sided platforms, which are being boosted by digital technologies such as mobile apps or the blockchain and cultural trends such as sharing or gig economy. Indeed, there is the need for rigorous and theoretically relevant research, being also practice based, in order to enhance the knowledge for all the players scholars, practitioners, policy makers involved in this innovative business models.

Therefore, this call for papers aims to enlarge the discussion on the topic from a managerial perspective, embracing mainly an innovation perspective, to dig into the distinctiveness of multi-sided digital platforms. In this special issue, we welcome both conceptual and empirical studies, using a wide variety of methods. Possible topics include, but are not limited to:. For any further information, please visit the Journal website or contact the special issue guest editors.

Amit, R. Crafting business architecture: The antecedents of business model design. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal , 9 4 , Katz, M. Network externalities, competition, and compatibility. The American Economic Review , 75 3 , Muzellec, L. Two-sided internet platforms: A business model lifecycle perspective. Industrial Marketing Management , 45 , Parker, G. Two-sided network effects: A theory of information product design. Management Science , 51 10 , Platform revolution: How networked markets are transforming the economy and how to make them work for you.

WW Norton. Parmentier, G. Managing sustainable innovation with a user community toolkit: The case of the video game Trackmania. Creativity and Innovation Management , 22 2 , Perks, H. Network orchestration for value platform development. Industrial Marketing Management , 67 , Richter, C. Digital entrepreneurship: Innovative business models for the sharing economy. Creativity and Innovation Management , 26 3 , Rochet, J.

Rysman, M. The economics of two-sided markets. Journal of Economic Perspectives , 23 3 , Stummer, C. Platform launch strategies. Understanding platform business models: A mixed methods study of marketplaces. European Management Journal , 36 3 , Trabucchi, D. Give away your digital services: Leveraging big data to capture value.

Research-Technology Management , 60 2 , Exploring the inbound and outbound strategies enabled by user generated big data: Evidence from leading smartphone applications. Creativity and Innovation Management , 27 1 , Wang, K. Crowdsourced idea generation: The effect of exposure to an original idea. Creativity and Innovation Management , 27 2 , Dupuy, F.

Paris : Seuil. Milkovich Strategic human resource management in the 21st century, Research in Personnel and Human Resource Management, Supplement 4 p. Jacquinot, P. Kalika M. Maddison, A. Shafer, R. Creating organizational agility: The human resource dimension. Unpublished Ph. Crafting a human resources strategy to foster organizational agility: A case study. Human Resource Management , Vol. Relief , vol 45, p. Vandermissen, V. Van Oyen, M. S, Hopp, W. J Performance opportunity for workforce agility in collaborative and noncollaborative work system.

IIE Transactions , Vol. Pour bien comprendre les dynasties familiales, il faut prendre en compte le droit de la famille Les propositions traiteront, entre autres, des sujets suivants :. The adolescence of family firm research taking stock and planning for the future.

Journal of Management, 38 4 : — The practice-driven evolution of family business education. Journal of Business Research, 60 10 , 4 Aldrich, H. Management international, 14 1 , 5 Chua, J. Defining the family business by behavior. Entrepreneurship theory and practice, 23 4 , Vers une approche contingente des entreprises familiales. Bettinelli, C.

Researching Entrepreneurship in Family Firms. Journal of Small Business Management, 55 4 , Chabaud, D. Paris, Dunod, Radu-Lefebvre, M.. Futures, 75, Family entrepreneurship as a field of research: Exploring its contours and contents. Journal of Family Business Strategy, 6 3 , Randerson, K. The futures of family business: family entrepreneurship.

Futures, 75 , Law in the development of dynastic families among American business elites: The domestication of capital and the capitalization of family. Family Business Review, 4 1 , In search of future alternatives for family business: Family law contributions through Civil and Common Law comparison. Jaskiewicz, P. Entrepreneurial legacy: Toward a theory of how some family firms nurture transgenerational entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Venturing, 30 1 , If you think about entrepreneurship, which picture comes to your mind?

Whom would you call an entrepreneur? What characterizes that person? What characterizes the company? The variety of answers on that might be as multifaceted as the number of people wondering about it. Here the term diversity is not just a synonym for heterogeneity, variety or multiplicity. They address largely stable demographic dimensions such as gender, age, migration and physical ability; external, changeable dimensions such as income, work experience and personal habits; and organisational dimensions such as work location, management status and seniority Gardenswartz and Rowe Based on these and other diversity categories, researchers investigate teams, companies, institutions and all kinds of other groups.

Many of these facets, especially demographic dimensions, have been investigated in recent research, for instance gender Frigotto and Della Nives, ; Kanze et al. Surprisingly, entrepreneurship research has not yet tried to explore facets of entrepreneurial diversity in a holistic conceptual way. Existing sociological diversity concepts have not yet been adapted to the entrepreneurship research context, and diversity-related levels of analysis are not yet defined clearly in this regard.

In order to capture the uniqueness of each entrepreneurial situation, we agree with Welter et al. Against this background, this special issue will address the aforementioned research gap, and aims to look at conceptual framings as well as different facets of entrepreneurial diversity. In doing so, it aims to serve as a basis of discussion for future research into entrepreneurial diversity.

Furthermore, it will help in making research concerning entrepreneurial diversity relevant to other scientific, political and societal diversity discussions. We welcome high-quality manuscripts looking at entrepreneurial diversity from different perspectives — either globally or in different facets of diversity. Manuscripts can be international in scope or can look at domestic issues with global relevance.

Conceptual and empirical papers, from different analytical and methodological perspectives can be submitted. We welcome theoretical, qualitative, quantitative and mixed-method papers. Together, the papers should build a body of high-quality, cumulative research that recapitulates and extends our current knowledge concerning entrepreneurial diversity. What aspects do we need to consider when we talk about entrepreneurial diversity?

How does conceptualising entrepreneurial diversity bring our research field forward? How can we better connect entrepreneurship research to current societal and political debates about diversity? Are there frameworks within other disciplines for example human resource management we can build on? Does, and if so how, does taking sociological diversity concepts into account help to understand and explain entrepreneurial diversity?

How can we adequately investigate and measure entrepreneurial diversity? How are single categories positioned within the framing of diversity? How is research about entrepreneurial diversity influenced through the internationality of our research community? How does the relevance of different diversity categories differ between contexts? How does research about intersectionality feed into entrepreneurship research?

How can an acceptance of difference be reached in different diversity categories? Which role does the specific context play? Conference papers may only be submitted if the paper has been completely re-written and if appropriate written permissions have been obtained from any copyright holders of the original paper.

Academy of Management Perspectives 32 2 : — Etemad H Advances and challenges in the evolving field of international entrepreneurship: The case of migrant and diaspora entrepreneurs. Journal of International Entrepreneurship 16 2 : — Frigotto ML and Della Nives V Gender and the structuring of the entrepreneurial venture: an effectuation approach.

International Journal of Entrepreneurial Venturing 10 4 : — Academy of Management Review 10 4 : — Academy of Management Journal 61 2 : — Marlow S and Martinez Dy A Annual review article: Is it time to rethink the gender agenda in entrepreneurship research? International Small Business Journal 35 1 : 3— Spiegler AB and Halberstadt J SHEstainability: how relationship networks influence the idea generation in opportunity recognition process by female social entrepreneurs.

International Journal of Entrepreneurial Venturing 10 2 : — Tegtmeier S and Kurczewska A Business entry and window of opportunity — empirical results for women entrepreneurs with graduate degree. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Venturing 9 1 : 41— This SI aims at better understand the elderly through the theory of aging and by considering different areas of research, such as gerontology, economic, entrepreneurship, HRM and psycho-sociology. The importance of aging process in maintaining life satisfaction and well-being during the lifespan made it a subject of interest for individuals and different actors such as companies and public services.

The mentioned process differs from one individual to another and is associated with both objective physical degradation, the decline in perceptual and memory performance and subjective a person perception of his own aging factors Fontaine, Hence, in the senior segmentation, considering objective variables such as age or income is as important as considering subjective variables such as the perceived aging experience Guiot, As individuals become older, they face social, physical and cognitive difficulties that may affect their attitudes and behaviors Greco, , Schewe, , Ostroff, Social changes in the elderly, like becoming grandparents, losing some social roles and trying to find the new ones, are particularly important as older individuals have to adapt them Tamaro-Hans, Physical disorders which include the loss of sensorial abilities Vanhamme, are also some other consequences of becoming old.

Cognitive disorders cause decreasing intellectual capabilities Mishara and Riedel, ; De Ladoucette, , concentration or attention problems Van der Linden, ; Boujon, as well as memorizing and retrieval information problems Mishara and Riedel, These changes may have a great impact on information processing, such as the way the older individuals process any environmental stimulus Moschis, One of the major concerns caused by an aging population is the question of whether the working population will be productive enough to maintain economic growth as well as the serious impacts on workplaces.

While striving to maintain a skilled and productive workforce, organizations and governments must face the challenges posed by an ageing generation, find diversified and innovative solutions Wisse et al. The end-of-career trajectories of both men and women remain unpredictable, often uncertain and deserve attention.

Entrepreneurship literature suggests that the more aged people are, the less motivated they are in setting up a new business. Seniors have less appetite to engage in entrepreneurial activities Curran and Blackburn, ; Hart et al. Moreover, whether consciously or unconsciously, aging is mainly associated with the perspective of death Routledge and Arndt, As the people grow older, the time is shrinking for them and is perceived as being limited.

This aspect of the aging experience may lead to different motivations and behaviors which the older individuals imply in the rest of their life. Aging theories and topics of interest Several theories have been developed by the psychology and gerontology to explain the motivations and behaviors of elderly.

In this perspective, entrepreneurship can be seen as a means to overcome social, cognitive and physical changes. This SI aims at better understand the elderly through the theory of aging by considering different areas of research, such as entrepreneurship, gerontology and psycho-sociology…etc. Atchley, R. Atchley R. Kelly, Newbury Park, Sage Publications, Austad S. Baltes P. Human strengths as the orchestration of wisdom and selective optimization with compensation.

Staudinger Eds. Carstensen, L. Socioemotional selectivity theory and the regulation of emotion in the second half of life. Motivation and emotion, 27 2 , Curran, J. Older people and the enterprise society: Age and self-employment propensities. Erikson E. The life cycle completed: A review. New York: W. W Norton. Greco A. Hart J. Kautonen, T. Entrepreneurial intentions in the third age: the impact of perceived age norms. Small business economics, 37 2 , Kim, S. Working in retirement: The antecedents of bridge employment and its consequences for quality of life in retirement.

Academy of management Journal, 43 6 , Levesque, M. The effect of aging on entrepreneurial behavior. Journal of Business Venturing, 21 2 , An exploratory study of seniorpreneurs: a new model of entrepreneurial intentions in the French context. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 20 2 , McAdams D. Moschis G. Ostroff J. Prentice Hall, p. Rabl, T. Journal of Business Ethics, 3 , Routledge and Arndt , Time and Terror: Managing temporal consciousness and the awareness of mortality.

Joireman Eds. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. Saba, T. Schewe C. Smith, R. Consumer Soclalization of the Elderly: an Exploratory Study. Vanhamme, J. Journal of Business Ethics, For more information, please feel free to contact: Adnane Maalaoui a. This form of governance allows the family to exert decision-making influence and control in the firm, while also pursuing actions that are for the good of the family Carney, Although this governance form allows the family to exert control over the firm, the goals of the family and firm are not always aligned, and, in fact, can be quite divergent.

Thus, for both the business and the family to succeed, responsible decision-making and responsible actions are paramount. Although studies are beginning to examine the effect of responsible ownership on family firm assets and outcomes e. Further, while researchers are beginning to examine the various pathways used by families to instill responsible ownership in the future generation, these processes, intentions, and norms vary greatly across geographical and cultural contexts e.

In all, given the nascent nature of insights and the growing importance of responsible governance, a special issue on responsible ownership promises to offers a substantial advancement to the field of family business. The objective of this special issue is to publish theoretical and empirical work that highlights notable progress and furthers understanding of responsible ownership in the family firm. A non-exhaustive list of possible topics includes:. Submission Guidelines : All submissions are subject to a standard double-blind review process.

Manuscripts must be original, unpublished works not concurrently under review for publication at another outlet and are expected to follow the standard formatting guidelines for Journal of Family Business Management. Publication of this Special Issue is expected for The deadline for submitting conference abstracts is January 21, Please note that acceptance to the workshop does not guarantee nor is it required for acceptance to the special issue.

How can responsible family ownership be sustained across generations? A family social capital approach. Journal of Business Ethics. DOI Bergamaschi, M. The futures of family businesses and the development of corporate social responsibility. Futures , 75, Carney, M.

Corporate governance and competitive advantage in family-controlled firms. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice , 29 3 , — Berent-Braun, M. Family governance practices and teambuilding: Paradox of the enterprising family. Small Business Economics , 38 1 , Daspit, J. Governance as a source of family firm heterogeneity. Journal of Business Research , 84, The next generation: Pathways for preparing and involving new owners in Colombian family businesses.

Sharma, N. Auletta, R. DeWitt, M. Yusof Eds. Northhampton, MA: Edward Elgar. Lambrecht, J. Responsible ownership of the family business: State-of-the-art, position paper prepared for FBN-. Uhlaner, L. Ownership commitment, family ownership and performance in the privately-held firm, Small Business Economics Journal , 29 3 , Good news! The Entrepreneurship as Practice Conference Organizing Committee has decided to extend the deadline of abstract submission to the 4 th EAP Conference, which will take place from April The new deadline is now on 15 December Call for papers — research handbook — Entrepreneurship as Practice.

Pour bien comprendre les dynasties familiales, il faut prendre en compte le droit de la famille8. Journal of Management , 38 4 : — Journal of Business Research , 60 10 , Journal of business venturing , 18 5 , Management international , 14 1 , Entrepreneurship theory and practice , 23 4 , Journal of Small Business Management , 55 4 , Paris, Dunod, Futures , 75 , Journal of Family Business Strategy , 6 3 , Family Business Review , 4 1 , Journal of Business Venturing , 30 1 , In quest of legitimacy: The theoretical and methodological foundations of entrepreneurship education research.

International Small Business Journal , 34 7 , — Valerio, A. The World Bank. European Commission, a. Reigniting the entrepreneurial spirit in Europe. COM final. Entrepreneuriat-2e ed. Neck, H. Journal of Small Business Management , 49 1 , 55— Verzat, C. Financial Times : Do you have any advice to young would-be Entrepreneurs who want to emulate your success? Over the years, the teaching of entrepreneurship has developed into a branch of research, namely, entrepreneurship education EE , the interest of which is to understand what, how and to whom entrepreneurship should be taught e.

Consequently, and as Fayolle states, EE needs more robust theoretical and philosophical foundations that draw on both entrepreneurship and education fields to support the development of effective courses and programmes, and to distinguish between those that are, and those that are not. For instance, the literature in EE often describes the structure and content of entrepreneurship courses and programmes but fails to appropriately question their philosophical and methodological foundations, which might be important if we were to better understand the essence of entrepreneurship Johannisson, Another important concern is the vagueness of EE goals Hoppe, , and, in some cases, its disconnect with larger social forces, such as inequality.

This concern concurs with the inherent difficulty of developing effective EE programmes along with the assessment of its results. Consequently, we wish to ask a broad question: how should the field develop to tackle these drawbacks and to increase its relevance and impact from a theoretical and practical perspective? Here, we invite scholars to highlight the taken-for-granted assumptions that beset the field of EE , and to reflect on how to break away from them and move this field forward.

The principal aim of this reflection is to offer new propositions and perspectives that challenge the previous ones, and bring more texture and nuance to the field of EE. In this vein, we would like to open a debate around the major shortcomings of EE and open the space for new questions, new solutions and new research paths to be developed. To this end, we call for papers that embrace a critical approach in discussing their perspectives. By following previous critical approaches in entrepreneurship e.

Without limiting the creative insights of those authors who wish to participate in this debate, we highlight three areas that bring together possible ideas to guide scholars to identify and address the assumptions that have been taken for granted in EE: Newness, Diversity and Ethics. New ideas have an important role in scientific progress Kuhn, ; they might challenge previous positions and open paths for new questions.

In this call for papers, Newness is intended as the fact of not having existed before and includes questions that reflect on what represents innovation for EE. The questions are intended to highlight issues that require a deeper consideration in this field. Examples of these questions are as follows:. We claim that Diversity, intended as a range of many people or things that are very different from each other, is a peculiarity of EE.

The field stems from and merges together two different scientific domains, namely, education and entrepreneurship. While this variety might be a source of richness for new ideas to arise, it might also prevent the process of defining EE objectives and impacts. In this call for papers, Diversity is meant to cover questions that try to address the complexity of EE, to recompose the fragmented puzzle and to make its multiple dimensions more understandable:.

Ethics, intended as moral principles or rules of behaviour, becomes a central issue in EE. The potential impact of these policies should call scholars to reflect on the influence of their research that is thought to enlighten the political agenda. In this call for papers, Ethics embraces all those questions that reflect on the implications and consequences of EE programmes in relation to their pedagogical approaches, evaluation methods, goals and so on.

Possible questions are as follows:. Authors are requested to try to connect these three areas to present an original contribution to the field of EE. Both theoretical and empirical contributions are welcomed.

This call for papers is divided into two parts: an earlier one for a developmental conference, and a second one for the Dialogue itself. Initially, we are inviting scholars to submit manuscripts that are finalized or relatively advanced. Each contribution will be evaluated through a double-blind review process but using a developmental lens: the objective of this initial review is to facilitate the Academic conversation around the theme, and help authors develop their manuscripts.

This conference is developmental in nature, and seeks to ensure that a robust, high-quality academic dialogue emerges among participants around a common conversation. Authors will be invited to present their manuscript and will receive feedback for development. After the conference, the best contributions a maximum of six will be invited for inclusion in the Dialogue Section of the Journal of Management Inquiry.

Bae, T. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 38 2 , The institutionalization of entrepreneurship: Questioning the status quo and re-gaining hope for entrepreneurship research. International Small Business Journal , 34 7 , Fiet, J. The pedagogical side of entrepreneurship theory. Journal of Business Venturing, 16 2 , Frank, H. What makes entrepreneurship research interesting? Reflections on strategies to overcome the rigour—relevance gap.

Honig, B. Entrepreneurship education: Toward a model of contingency-based business planning. Hoppe, M. Policy and entrepreneurship education. Small Business Economics, 46 1 , Limits to and prospects of entrepreneurship education in the academic context. Katz, J. The chronology and intellectual trajectory of American entrepreneurship education: — Journal of Business Venturing, 18 2 , Fully mature but not fully legitimate: A different perspective on the state of entrepreneurship education.

Journal of Small Business Management, 46 4 , Proposal for two model undergraduate curricula in entrepreneurship. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 12 2 , Kuhn, T. The structure of scientific revolutions Second Edition. Chicago: University Press of Chicago. Kuratko, D. The emergence of entrepreneurship education: Development, trends, and challenges. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 29 5 , Lindh, I.

Entrepreneurship education: The role of local business. Intention—based models of entrepreneurship education. Lyons, E. Who does not benefit from entrepreneurship programmes?. Strategic Management Journal, 39 1 , Entrepreneurship education: known worlds and new frontiers. Journal of Small Business Management, 49 1 , Peterman, N. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 28 2 , Pittaway, L.

Entrepreneurship education: a systematic review of the evidence. International Small Business Journal, 25 5 , Solomon, G. An examination of entrepreneurship education in the United States. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 14 2 , Vesper, K. Measuring progress in entrepreneurship education. Journal of Business Venturing, 12 5 , Walter, S. Outcomes of entrepreneurship education: An institutional perspective. Journal of Business Venturing, 31 2 , Entrepreneurship Education rethinking connexions Roanne Valerio, Parton and Robb, The stakes are high and the connections must be increased and improved to enrich the lessons taken from practice.

Research must also be used as an improvement lever through stronger theoretical and methodological bases Fayolle, Verzat and Wapshott, to develop critical analysis. While each of these actors is confronted with its own problems, interconnections can be the basis of contemporary, authentic, and effective teaching programs. However, these interconnections are rare and the literature weakly addresses the links between the members of this triad.

Research can play a role in bringing these actors together by showing good practices and by providing analysis and reflexivity. EE remains a hot topic for , particularly for its practical scope and managerial implications Kuckertz and Prochotta, The development of initiatives from the private sector and associations to support future entrepreneurs is symptomatic of the situation and it questions the functioning of our organizations.

Recent initiatives, such as Ecole 42 and Matrice, support student autonomy by offering non-course and teacher-free programs based on peer learning and coaching. Our environment is changing very quickly and many initiatives are being launched. Connections between policy makers, EE and practitioners need to be consolidated. The purpose of this call for papers is to prolong the debates around the following main themes:. This call for papers is an opportunity to connect researchers, practitioners, entrepreneurs, policy makers and entrepreneurship educators, in order to establish a broad overview of innovative pedagogical practices and their impact.

It allows a review of recent research for educators, as well as review s and interview s through an open forum directed to educators, students, entrepreneurs and researchers. Alongside academic papers, more professional-type communications practices, testimonials, stories, etc. Extended abstracts will be between 1, and 3, words in French or English. They will specify the problem and the interest of the research, the theoretical framework s , the methodology, the envisaged results, the potential contribution.

They are to be sent exclusively in PDF and anonymous format to: stephane. Sending extended summaries October the 31 Response of the Scientific Committee December the 15 Sending complete communications February the 10 Deadline for registration. They will be peer reviewed according to the rules of double blind procedures. Speakers will present and disseminate their ideas.

The principle of TEDx is to popularize to spread the worth ideas widely. The subject will have to be simplified and the presentations should last for 18 minutes maximum. The number of speakers will be between 6 and Entrepreneurship education research revisited: The case of higher education. Blenker, P. Entrepreneurship as everyday practice: towards a personalized pedagogy of enterprise education. Industry and Higher Education, 26 6 , Carrier C. Eynon R.

Learning, Media and Technology, , Fayolle A. International Small Business Journal, 34 7 , Fayolle A. Foliard, S. Katz J. Kuckertz A. Entrepreneurship theory and practice, 29 5 , Lave, J. Situated learning: Legitimate peripheral participation.

Cambridge university press. Rideout E. Journal of Small Business Management, vol. Sarasvathy, S. Entrepreneurship as method: Open questions for an entrepreneurial future. Entrepreneurship theory and practice, 35 1 , Entrepreneurship education and training programs around the world: dimensions for success.

World Bank Publications. Il est imperatif de les respecter lorsque vous envoyez votre soumission. Ces orientations ne sont pas limitatives des soumissions attendues. Les articles pourront retenir une perspective conceptuelle ou empirique.

Baraldi E. Bories-Azeau I. Bruneel J. Chabaud D. Garrett L. Maus A. Messeghem K. Mian S. Shepherd D. Pauwels C. Surlemont B. Theodoraki C. Venkataraman S. Verstraete T. Normes de publication. Exploring entrepreneurial exits: a study of individual exit experiences in Finland and the UK. The theory and practice of entrepreneurship: Frontiers in European entrepreneurship research, Beaver, W. Financial ratios as predictors of failure. Journal of accounting research, Bruno, A.

Causes of new venture failure: s vs. Business Horizons, 31 6 ,

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Before I discovered the site, I didn't think it was possible to design such a software to simplify my betting research. Their system is simple, ergonomic and all the information is just a click away. All rights reserved. Legal disclaimer - Privacy. Liens hypertextes et cookies : Le site script-betting.

Save time with our. Sports betting software. Bet smartly on matches with our solutions adapted to your needs! Build my own betting script! Build your own betting script! Retype your password:. Our Services. A unique concept We build tailor-made betting methods according to your request.

Execution schedule Our automatic scripts run every day to retrieve the results of the previous day's matches. International leagues We currently cover more than international leagues and cups , in soccer , basketball , hockey and baseball. Les verrous technologiques que le spatial permet de lever trouvent ensuite une application dans de nombreux secteurs de l'industrie. La loi de programmation pluriannuelle de la recherche prend en compte ces constats. Cette loi n'engage pas de changements de structures.

Harmoniser les pratiques entre les agences de financement Alors que les agences de financement ANR, mais aussi Ademe, etc. Ceci n'est clairement pas le cas aujourd'hui en France. Le partage de la culture scientifique, technique et industrielle est donc un enjeu plus fort que jamais.

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